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Spatial Economic-Hydroecological Modelling and Evaluation of Land Use Impacts in the Vecht Wetlands Area


Author Info

  • J.C.J.M. van den Bergh

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • A. Barendregt

    (Utrecht University)

  • A. Gilbert
  • M. van Herwijnen

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • P. van Horssen

    (Utrecht University)

  • P. Kandelaars

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)


Wetlands provide many important goods and services to human societies, and generate nonuse values as well. Wetlands are also very sensitive ecosystems that are subject to much stress from human activities. Reducing the stress on wetlands requires a spatial matching between physical planning, hydrological and ecological processes, and economic activities. Spatially integrated modelling and evaluation can support this. The present study has developed a triple layer model that integrates information and concepts from social and natural sciences to address the analysis and evaluation of land-use scenarios for a wetlands area in the Netherlands, the Vecht area. This is the floodplain of river Vecht, located in the centre of the Netherlands. The study has resulted in a set of linked spatial hydrological, ecological and economic models, formulated at the level of grids and polders. The main activities incorporated in the system of models are housing, infrastructure, agriculture, recreation and nature conservation. The formulation of alternative development scenarios is dominated by land use and land cover options that are consistent with the stimulation of agriculture, nature or recreation. Two aggregate performance indicators have been constructed from model output, namely net present value of changes and environmental quality. The spatial characteristics of these indicators are retained in a spatial evaluation that ranks scenarios. This discussion paper has resulted in a publication in Environmental Modeling and Assessment , 2001, 6(2), 87-100.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 00-007/3.

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Date of creation: 10 Feb 2000
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20000007

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Keywords: agriculture; aggregation; nature conservation; performance indicators; recreation; spatial evaluation; vegetation response model;

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Cited by:
  1. Hubacek, Klaus & van den Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M., 2006. "Changing concepts of 'land' in economic theory: From single to multi-disciplinary approaches," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 5-27, January.
  2. Eppink, Florian V. & van den Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M. & Rietveld, Piet, 2004. "Modelling biodiversity and land use: urban growth, agriculture and nature in a wetland area," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3-4), pages 201-216, December.
  3. Vermaat, Jan E. & Eppink, Florian & van den Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M. & Barendregt, Aat & van Belle, Jasper, 2005. "Aggregation and the matching of scales in spatial economics and landscape ecology: empirical evidence and prospects for integration," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 229-237, January.
  4. Kragt, Marit Ellen & Bennett, Jeffrey W., 2009. "Integrating economic values and catchment modelling," 2009 Conference (53rd), February 11-13, 2009, Cairns, Australia 48057, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  5. Marit E Kragt & Jeff Bennett, 2009. "Integrated Hydro-Economic Modelling: Challenges and Experiences in an Australian Catchment," Environmental Economics Research Hub Research Reports 0915, Environmental Economics Research Hub, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.


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