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Separations at the Firm Level

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Author Info

  • Pieter A. Gautier

    ()
    (Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Gerard J. van den Berg

    ()
    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and CEPR)

  • Jan C. van Ours

    (CentER, Tilburg University and CEPR)

  • Geert Ridder

    ()
    (Johns Hopkins University)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of lay-offs, job-to-job movements and totalseparations with a unique data set that combines information on individual firmsand their workers. We are in particular interested in whether the lay-offpolicy of firms can explain the relatively high level of unemployment amongstlower educated workers and the relatively strong sensitivity of their unemploymentrate to the business cycle. We find that lay-off rates decrease with educationbut that the change over the cycle in the lay-off rate of workers with a lowerlevel of education compared to that of workers with a higher level of education can notexplain the stronger cyclicality of the unemployment rate for lower educatedworkers. We conclude that this stronger cyclicality is not due to the personnelpolicy of firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 99-010/3.

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Date of creation: 18 Feb 1999
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:19990010

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

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References

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  1. van den Berg, Gerard J. & van der Klaauw, Bas, 2000. "Combining Micro and Macro Unemployment Duration Data," IZA Discussion Papers 109, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Burgess, Simon M, 1988. "Employment Adjustment in UK Manufacturing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(389), pages 81-103, March.
  3. Abbring, J.H. & Berg, G. van den & Gautier, P.A. & Lomwel, A.G.C. van & Ours, J.C. van & Ruhm, C.J., 1998. "Displaced Workers in The United States and The Netherlands," Discussion Paper 1998-96, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  4. Ours, J.C. van & Ridder, G., 1995. "Job Matching and Job Competition: Are Lower Educated Workers at the Back of Job Queues?," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-142162, Tilburg University.
  5. Caballero, R-J & Hammour, M-L, 1996. "The Macroeconomics of Specificity," Working papers 96-25, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Oliver Jean Blanchard & Peter Diamond, 1990. "The Cyclical Behovior of the Gross Flows of U.S. Workers," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(2), pages 85-156.
  7. repec:fth:inseep:9858 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Baker, Michael, 1992. "Unemployment Duration: Compositional Effects and Cyclical Variability," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 313-21, March.
  9. Steven J. Davis & John Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1993. "Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing theFacts," NBER Working Papers 4492, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. repec:dgr:uvatin:1998084 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. van Ours, J. C. & Ridder, G., 1995. "Job matching and job competition: Are lower educated workers at the back of job queues?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1717-1731, December.
  12. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, January.
  13. repec:dgr:uvatin:2098084 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Jonathan Thomas, 2000. "Fair Pay and a Wagebill Argument for Wage Rigidity and Excessive Employment Variability," CESifo Working Paper Series 234, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Dohmen, Thomas & Pfann, Gerard A., 2000. "Worker Separations in a Nonstationary Corporate Environment," IZA Discussion Papers 201, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Gielen, Anne C. & van Ours, Jan C., 2006. "Age-specific cyclical effects in job reallocation and labor mobility," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 493-504, August.
  4. A. Gautier, Pieter & J. van den Berg, Gerard & C. van Ours, Jan & Ridder, Geert, 2002. "Worker turnover at the firm level and crowding out of lower educated workers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 523-538, March.
  5. Pieter A. Gautier, 1999. "Unemployment and Search Externalities in a Model with Heterogeneous Jobs and Heterogeneous Workers," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 99-075/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Xiaoming Cai & Pieter A. Gautier & Makoto Watanabe, 2012. "Collective versus Decentralized Wage Bargaining and the Efficient Allocation of Resources," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-086/3, Tinbergen Institute.

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