Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model
AbstractIn this paper we analyze an equilibrium search model with threesources for wage andunemployment differentials among workers with the same (observed)human capital but different appearance (race): unobservedproductivity (skill), search intensities and discrimination (Becker 1957)due to an appearance-based employer disutility factor. Because theyaffect the earnings distributionsdifferently, empirical identification of these potential sources forthe explanation of wage and unemployment differentials is possible.We show that the structural parameters of the model, including thefirm's disutility from certain workers, are identifiable usingstandard labor market survey data. Wedemonstrate identification using data from the National LongitudinalSurvey of Youth. Estimation of these parameters by matching momentsfrom a sample of black and white high school graduates implies:blacks have a 9% lower productivity level than whites;the disutility factor in employer's preferences is one-third of thewhite's productivity level; and50% of firms have a disutility factor in their utility toward blacks.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 98-112/3.
Date of creation: 21 Oct 1998
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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl
Other versions of this item:
- Audra J. Bowlus & Zvi Eckstein, 2002. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(4), pages 1309-1345, November.
- Bowlus, Audra J & Eckstein, Zvi, 1998. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," CEPR Discussion Papers 1859, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Audra J. Bowlus & Zvi Eckstein, 1998. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 9802, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
- Bowlus, A.J. & Eckstein, Z., 1998. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," Papers 04-98, Tel Aviv.
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
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