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Financial Sector, Regulation and Corporate Performance: The Case of Spain

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  • Carbo, Santiago

    ()
    (University of Granada)

Abstract

With the advent of the EMU and the widespread financial integration many efforts have been undertaken by European financial authorities. In the case of Spain, there are many regulatory and institutional factors that condition a deeper financial integration. This paper analyzes the relationships between corporate performance and the financial sector. The aim of the paper is twofold. Firstly, it seeks to overview the main characteristics of regulation and financial structure in Spain. On one hand, the dynamic role played by the Bank of Spain in supervising banks and the implications of a recent Financial Act (Ley Financiera) are underlined. On the other hand, regarding financial markets issues, we examine the importance of the National Financial Markets Commission (CNMV) as well as the medium-term effects of the Financial Markets Reform Act of 1998. Secondly, the paper offer a synthesis of the main indicators illustrating the relationships between financial markets and corporate performance, which is markedly influenced by the bank-based profile of the Spanish financial system and the universal nature of bank business. Financial deepening is also presented as one of the main facts explaining corporate financing, with an enormous development of assets such as mutual funds, a trend that has been partially instigated by a non-neutral income tax policy. Besides, some other indicators that reflect the state and the structure of corporate finance are computed and presented including market capitalization issues, lending and other pricing spreads or the cost of the use of financial capital. The paper ends with an empirical analysis of the impact of bank deepening and bank dependence on economic growth in Spain

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies in its series EIFC - Technology and Finance Working Papers with number 17.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:unutaf:eifc03-17

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Web page: http://www.intech.unu.edu

Related research

Keywords: European Integration; Legislation; Financial Services; Corporate Performance; Spain; Europe;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  1. Nicola Cetorelli, 2001. "Banking Market Structure, Financial Dependence and Growth: International Evidence from Industry Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 617-648, 04.
  2. Strahan, Philip E. & Weston, James P., 1998. "Small business lending and the changing structure of the banking industry1," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(6-8), pages 821-845, August.
  3. Raghuram G. Rajan & Luigi Zingales, 1996. "Financial Dependence and Growth," NBER Working Papers 5758, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Beck, T.H.L. & Levine, R. & Loayza, N., 2000. "Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125519, Tilburg University.
  5. Houston, Joel F. & James, Christopher, 1998. "Do bank internal capital markets promote lending?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(6-8), pages 899-918, August.
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  7. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  8. Altman, Edward I. & Saunders, Anthony, 2001. "An analysis and critique of the BIS proposal on capital adequacy and ratings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 25-46, January.
  9. King, Robert G & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-37, August.
  10. Berger, Allen N & Udell, Gregory F, 1995. "Relationship Lending and Lines of Credit in Small Firm Finance," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68(3), pages 351-81, July.
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