International entrepreneurship and technological capabilities in the Middle East and North Africa
AbstractIn this paper we investigate the extent of international entrepreneurship in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Oman and Syria using a dataset covering 3,281 firms. We find that weak technological capabilities constrain internationalization. Firms with ISO accreditation, an own website, and those who have introduced new technology have a higher probability of entering export markets than otherwise. Firms in high-tech sectors are more likely to export early. However with foreign shareholding this advantage of high-tech firms disappears. The results suggest that early international entrepreneurs may need to pay more in informal payments if they want to increase the share of their exports once they have entered into export markets. We derive implications for policy and further research.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by United Nations University, Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology in its series UNU-MERIT Working Paper Series with number 020.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.merit.unu.edu
International entrepreneurship; exports; entrepreneurial capabilities; innovation; Middle East; North Africa; MENA;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
- L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
- M16 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - International Business Administration
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-04-23 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2012-04-23 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-CSE-2012-04-23 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-ENT-2012-04-23 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-INT-2012-04-23 (International Trade)
- NEP-SBM-2012-04-23 (Small Business Management)
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