Innovation Policy, Entrepreneurship, and Development: A Finnish View
AbstractThis article first reviews the economic rationales for innovation policy. It then describes the Finnish innovation policy and policy making environment. The Finnish policy is evaluated from the point of view of fostering entrepreneurship. R&D subsidies, the main tool of Finnish innovation policy, may not be a very effective way of fostering entrepreneurship, compared to R&D tax credits of the type used in the Netherlands and Norway. The main reason for this is that the latter provide support in a more transparent way. The article ends with a discussion of what lessons the Finnish innovation policy offers to developing countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by United Nations University, Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology in its series UNU-MERIT Working Paper Series with number 050.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.merit.unu.edu
innovation policy; R&D subsidies; R&D tax credit; developing countries; interim efficiency; market failure;
Other versions of this item:
- Toivanen, Otto, 2009. "Innovation Policy, Entrepreneurship, and Development: A Finnish View," MERIT Working Papers 050, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
- L53 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Enterprise Policy
- O25 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
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