Technology Acquisition, De-regulation and Competitiveness: A Study of Indian Automobile Industry
AbstractThis paper has attempted to analyse the effects of deregulation policy, introduced in India during the mid 1980s, on technology acquisition and competitiveness in the Indian automobile industry during the 1980s. Following evolutionary theoretical framework, the paper argues that asymmetry among firms in terms of technology acquisition explain much of the firm level differences in competitiveness. Asymmetry in technology acquisition is largely due to differences in the firms' ability to bring about technological paradigm and trajectory shifts. The results of the econometric exercise support the view that, even in an era of capacity licensing, development of competitive skills crucially depended upon the ability to build specific technology trajectory advantages. This is achieved by successfully complementing imported technology with in-house technological efforts. Competitiveness in a deregulated regime would, however, depend upon the ability of the firm to bring about technological paradigm shifts. New firms who depended on intra-firm transfer of technology and firms with in-house R & D efforts, to accomplish paradigm shifts, appear more successful. Furthermore, in a liberal regime, advantages of vertical integration also appear to be important determinants of competitiveness.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies in its series Discussion Papers with number 3.
Date of creation: 1997
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Web page: http://www.intech.unu.edu
Technology transfer; Automobile industry; India;
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