Endophilia or exophobia: beyond discrimination
AbstractThe immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relative One group suffers compared to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against othersare exophobicor because they favor their own kindare endophilic This difference matters, as the relative importance of the types of discrimination and their inter-relation affect market outcomes. Using a field experiment in which graders at one university were randomly assigned students exams that did or did not contain the students names, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender, findings that are robust to a wide variety of potential concerns. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders preferences. We show that a changing correlation between endophilia and exophobia can generate perverse predictions for observed market discrimination.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : ROA, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market in its series Research Memoranda with number 008.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/UMPublications.htm
Economic Methodology: General; Education and Inequality; Labor Discrimination;
Other versions of this item:
- Jan Feld & Nicolás Salamanca & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2013. "Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination," NBER Working Papers 19471, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Feld, Jan & Salamanca, Nicolas & Hamermesh, Daniel S., 2013. "Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination," IZA Discussion Papers 7380, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
- I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
- B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-08-05 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-EDU-2013-08-05 (Education)
- NEP-LMA-2013-08-05 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
- NEP-LTV-2013-08-05 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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