The impact of human capital on labour productivity in manufacturing sectors of the European Union
AbstractThis paper discusses the effects of human capital on both the level and growth of labour productivity in manufacturing sectors in seven Member States of the European Union. Sectoral labour productivity is regarded as a measure of international competitiveness. Human capital is represented by the shares of intermediate and highly-skilled workers in the work force of a sector. The paper shows that the manufacturing sectors can be divided into three classes of sectors: low-skill, medium-skill and high-skill sectors. The estimation results show that both intermediate and highly-skilled labour have a positive effect on the sectoral labour productivity level, although the effect is only significant for highly-skilled labour. Moreover, there are indications of underinvestment of human capital in some manufacturing sectors. These sectors could improve their competitive position by raising the employment shares of intermediate and highly-skilled labour. Finally, intermediate-skilled labour has a significantly positive effect on the growth in sectoral labour productivity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : ROA, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market in its series Research Memoranda with number 001.
Date of creation: 1996
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Other versions of this item:
- Corvers, Frank, 1997. "The impact of human capital on labour productivity in manufacturing sectors of the European Union," Open Access publications from Maastricht University urn:nbn:nl:ui:27-13632, Maastricht University.
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