Skills for the 21st Century: Implications for Education
AbstractThe world is changing rapidly in a lot of ways, but the dominant change is in ICT. Changingtechnology has far-reaching implications for how we act and interact at work, in education, incivic life and at home. Furthermore, this change is in large part the driving force behind many ofthe other major changes, such as globalization and flexibilization. These changes have led manyscholars to point to a new set of skills – the so-called 21st century skills – that are thought tobe essential for people’s ability to function and participate fully in today’s world. While we donot dispute the importance of these 21st century skills, we do caution against blindly pursuingthese skills and neglecting other more traditional classes of skill, such as basic skills (readingand math) as well as specialized knowledge and abilities – the so-called specific skills.Educational policy and practice should proceed from the insight that skills of individual humanbeings form a complete interdependent package of all these three kinds of skills: basic skills,specific skills and 21st century skills. It is far more fruitful to view 21st century skills inrelation to the basic skills that underlie them and the specific skills that they combine with inconcrete purposive action. In this essay we present a framework for the evaluation of what we knowabout our current situation in terms of various kinds of skills and learning which alerts us togaps in our knowledge that need to be filled for future policy purposes. It also performs asimilar function when looking at the challenges facing education and what education can do to meetthese challenges.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : METEOR, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization in its series Research Memoranda with number 044.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/UMPublications.htm
education; training and the labour market;
Other versions of this item:
- Allen Jim & Velden Rolf van der, 2012. "Skills for the 21st century: Implications for education," Research Memoranda 011, Maastricht : ROA, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007.
"The Technology of Skill Formation,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
- Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James J., 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," IZA Discussion Papers 2550, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Flavio Cunha & James Heckman, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," NBER Working Papers 12840, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- James Heckman & Pedro Carneiro & Flavio Cunha, 2004. "The Technology of Skill Formation," 2004 Meeting Papers 681, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Coenen Johan & Ramaekers Ger & Velden Rolf van der, 2012. "De waarde van MBO-4 opleidingen op de arbeidsmarkt," Reports 003, Maastricht : ROA, Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt.
- Dronkers, Jaap, 2010.
"Positieve maar ook negatieve effecten van etnische diversiteit in scholen op onderwijsprestaties? Een empirische toets met internationale PISA-data
[Positive but also negative effects of ethnic div," MPRA Paper 23824, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- William Thorn, 2009. "International Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Surveys in the OECD Region," OECD Education Working Papers 26, OECD Publishing.
- Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2011.
"The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement,"
Handbook of the Economics of Education,
- Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," CESifo Working Paper Series 3037, CESifo Group Munich.
- Eric Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," Discussion Papers 09-013, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
- Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," NBER Working Papers 15949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," IZA Discussion Papers 4925, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- repec:ner:leuven:urn:hdl:123456789/208037 is not listed on IDEAS
- Allen Jim & Meng Christoph, 2010. "Voortijdige schoolverlaters: Aanleiding en gevolgen," Reports 009, Maastricht : ROA, Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt.
- Fouarge Didier & Grip Andries de, 2011.
"Depreciatie van menselijk kapitaal,"
001, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
- Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
- repec:ner:maastr:urn:nbn:nl:ui:27-10189 is not listed on IDEAS
- repec:ner:maastr:urn:nbn:nl:ui:27-31168 is not listed on IDEAS
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Charles Bollen).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.