Approximating Preemptive Stochastic Scheduling
AbstractWe present constant approximative policies for preemptive stochastic scheduling. We derive policies with a guaranteed performance ratio of 2 for scheduling jobs with release dates on identical parallel machines subject to minimizing the sum of weighted completion times. Our policies as well as their analysis apply also to the recently introduced more general model of stochastic online scheduling. The performance guarantee we give matches the best result known for the corresponding deterministic online problem. In contrast to previous results for non-preemptive stochastic scheduling, our preemptive policies yield an approximation guarantee that is independent of the processing time distributions. However, our policies extensively utilize information on the distributions other than the first (and second) moments. To obtain our results, we introduce a new nontrivial lower bound on the expected value of an unknown optimal policy. It relies on a relaxation to the basic problem on a single machine without release dates, which is known to be solved optimally by the Gittins index priority rule. This dynamic priority index is crucial to the analysis and also inspires the design of our policies.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : METEOR, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization in its series Research Memoranda with number 054.
Date of creation: 2009
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Web page: http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/UMPublications.htm
operations research and management science;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-21 (All new papers)
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