A Class of Methods for Evaluating Multiattribute Utilities
AbstractA state, for instance a health state, is characterized by a number of attributes to each of which a level is assigned. A specific collection of numerical values, for instance utilities, for all possible states is called a situation. The main purpose of the paper is to develop a class of methods that assign, for a given situation, a numerical value to each possible level of each attribute, intended to measure the contribution of each such level to reaching the perfect state, in which each attribute has maximal level. The paper focuses on methods that share four properties: distribution, zero contribution, homogeneity, and the transfer property. All these methods have the propertyof marginalism: they measure the effect of lowering, ceteris paribus, a certain level by one. Within the class of methods so obtained, special attention is given to the so called egalitarian valuation, which treats lower and higher levels equally.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : METEOR, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization in its series Research Memoranda with number 034.
Date of creation: 1999
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