Technology, Knowledge Spillovers and Changes in Skill Structure
AbstractThis paper investigates and compares the changes in skill structure in six OECD countries (Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States) in the period 1975-1995 using new OECD data on employment by skill level and type. For all countries evidence is found that technical change is skill-biased in the sense that it favors high-skilled labor. In particular white-collar high-skilled workers have profited from recent technical change. However, rather than employees literally working on R&D it are workers who supervise and use the implemented parts of the advancements of R&D that profit from increased R&D efforts. In addition, the results are extended by stressing the importance of knowledge spillovers on changes in employment shares between high-skilled and low-skilled workers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht : MERIT, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology in its series Research Memoranda with number 001.
Date of creation: 2000
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labour economics ;
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- Eric Maurin & David Thesmar, 2004.
"Changes in the Functional Structure of Firms and the Demand for Skill,"
Journal of Labor Economics,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(3), pages 639-664, July.
- Maurin, Eric & Thesmar, David, 2003. "Changes in the Functional Structure of Firms and the Demand for Skill," CEPR Discussion Papers 3831, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Eric Maurin & David Thesmar, 2001. "Change in the Functional Structure of Firms and the Demand for Skill," Working Papers 2001-09, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
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