Home advantage in speed skating: evidence from individual data
AbstractHome advantage is a well documented phenomena in many types of sports. Home advantage has been shown to exist for team sports (soccer, hockey, football, baseball, basketball) and for countries organizing sports tournaments like the Olympics and World Cup Soccer. There is also some evidence for home advantage in some individual sports, but there is much less literature available in that case. In this paper we address the issue of home advantage in speed skating. From a methodological point of view, it is difficult to identify home advantage, because skaters vary in their abilities, and the conditions of different tournaments vary. We establish the existence of a small, but significant home advantage, using a generalized linear mixed model, with random effects for skaters, and fixed effects for skating rinks and seasons. Even though the home advantage effect exists, it is very small when compared to variation in skating times due to differences of rinks and individual abilities.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management) in its series Research Report with number 03F38.
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
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- Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2002.
"Endurance in speed skating,"
02C01, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
- Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2004. "Do skin suits increase average skating speed?," CCSO Working Papers 200404, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
- Andrés Picazo-Tadeo & Francisco Gónzalez-Gómez & Jorge Guardiola Wanden-Berghe, 2011. "Referee home bias due to social pressure. Evidence from Spanish football," Working Papers 1119, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
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