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Productivity Convergence Across Industries and Countries: The Importance of Theory-based Measurement

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  • Inklaar, R.
  • Timmer, M.P.

    (Groningen University)

Abstract

Cross-country studies of economic growth have been hampered by the scarcity of reliable data on productivity at the sector level, see Bernard and Jones (AER, 2001) and Rogerson (JPE, 2008). We bring together literature on industry prices, human capital and capital assets to construct industry-level productivity measures that are well-grounded in neo-classical production theory. These theory-based measures differ widely from the crude measures commonly used in the literature. We use these to confirm and strengthen the finding of Bernard and Jones (AER, 1996) that for advanced OECD countries, patterns of convergence across sectors have differed since 1970: while productivity in market services converged, there is no convergence in manufacturing. More detailed analysis confirms that patterns of convergence are highly industry-specific. There is no dominant convergence trend in sectoral productivity growth across advanced countries.

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File URL: http://irs.ub.rug.nl/ppn/317810243
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen in its series GGDC Research Memorandum with number GD-109.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:rugggd:gd-109

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Cited by:
  1. Dijk, Michiel van, 2013. "Productivity growth at the sectoral level: measurement and projections," Proceedings Issues, 2013: Productivity and Its Impacts on Global Trade, June 2-4, 2013. Seville, Spain 152268, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
  2. Barnett, William A. & Diewert, W. Erwin & Zellner, Arnold, 2009. "Introduction To Measurement With Theory," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(S2), pages 151-168, September.
  3. López-Pueyo, Carmen & Mancebón, María-Jesús, 2010. "Innovation, accumulation and assimilation: Three sources of productivity growth in ICT industries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 268-285, March.
  4. Almas Heshmati & Subal C. Kumbhakar, 2014. "A general model of technical change with an application to the OECD countries," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 25-48, January.
  5. Aoki, Shuhei, 2008. "A Simple Accounting Framework for the Effect of Resource Misallocation on Aggregate Productivity," MPRA Paper 11511, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Jorge Niosi & Petr Hanel & Susan Reid, 2012. "The international diffusion of biotechnology: the arrival of developing countries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 767-783, September.

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