Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Do Europe’s Product Labels Converge? The Case of EU Ecolabel, EU Energy and CE Marking


Author Info

  • Cetik, M.

    (Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economics Center)

Registered author(s):


    Not only ecolabelling and energy labeling but also its wider framework, namely, the idea of sustainable consumption and production are recent issues of the globe compared to consumer product safety which dates back to the 19th century. Previous studies analyze the regulation of ecolabelling and energy labeling neglecting its common aspects with product labeling for human health and safety purposes. This article focuses on the development of those three types of product labels, namely, CE Marking, EU Energy Label and EU Ecolabel employed in the European Union (EU) also with a view to predict their future. It is revealed that increasing societal awareness in ecological issues tend to converge earlier measures of product safety labelling (CE Marking) into new measures of ecolabelling (EU Ecolabel) in terms of substance. Secondly, the Article shows that both EU Energy Label and EU Ecolabel tend to converge into CE Marking particularly in terms of standardisation procedures as well as conformity assessment, market surveillance and enforcement. Interestingly, convergence tends to occur in both directions regarding the substance and standardisation of EU Ecolabel vis-à-vis CE Marking. In the end, it is suggested that EU Ecolabel may (and perhaps should) become mandatory in the future in view of the historical development and justifications regarding mandatory CE Marking and EU Energy Label. On the other hand, a mandatory federal ecolabel does not seem so likely in case of the United States (US) due to its different attitude towards product labeling as well as consumers’ impact on the environment. Nevertheless, some procedural convergence is visible among product labels.

    Download Info

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center in its series Discussion Paper with number 2011-048.

    as in new window
    Date of creation: 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubtil:2011048

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page:

    Related research

    Keywords: ecolabel; energy label; free movement of goods; CE Marking;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:


    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.



    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dgr:kubtil:2011048. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Richard Broekman) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Richard Broekman to update the entry or send us the correct address.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.