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Competition Law, Antitrust Immunity and Profits: A Dynamic Panel Analysis

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Author Info

  • Brouwer, E.
  • Ozbugday, F.C.

    (Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economics Center)

Abstract

This paper tests whether the transition from the old Economic Competition Act, which was based on the so-called "abuse system", to the new Competition Act, which was based on "prohibition system", in the Netherlands had an impact on the price-cost margins in manufacturing industries during the period 1993-2007. The paper further investigates if the price-cost margins were higher in industries where temporary antitrust immunity was granted for subset of firms that engaged in concerted practices. The results indicate that the change in the competition law in the Netherlands had a very small and negative, yet statistically insignificant deterrent effect on the price-cost margins. Elsewhere, markups were higher in industries in which temporary antitrust immunity was granted for some class of coordinated actions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center in its series Discussion Paper with number 2011-022.

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Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubtil:2011022

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Web page: https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/center-ar/

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Keywords: Price-cost margin; Competition law; Antitrust immunity; Antitrust enforcement; Dynamic panel data model; the Netherlands;

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  1. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
  2. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  3. Konings, Jozef & Van Cayseele, Patrick & Warzynski, Frederic, 2001. "The dynamics of industrial mark-ups in two small open economies: does national competition policy matter?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 841-859, April.
  4. Bilotkach, Volodymyr & Hüschelrath, Kai, 2010. "Antitrust immunity for airline alliances," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-080, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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