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Do We need Big Banks? Evidence on Performance, Strategy and Market Discipline

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  • Demirgüc-Kunt, A.
  • Huizinga, H.P.

    (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)

Abstract

For an international sample of banks, we construct measures of a bank’s absolute size and its systemic size defined as size relative to the national economy. We then examine how a bank’s risk and return, its activity mix and funding strategy, and the extent to which it faces market discipline depend on both size measures. While absolute size presents banks with a trade-off between risk and return, systemic size is an unmitigated bad, reducing return without a reduction in risk. Despite too-big-to-fail subsidies, we find that systemically large banks are subject to greater market discipline as evidenced by a higher sensitivity of their funding costs to risk proxies, suggesting that they are often too big to save. The finding that a bank’s interest cost tends to rise with its systemic size can also in part explain why a bank’s rate of return on assets tends to decline with systemic size. Overall, our results cast doubt on the need to have systemically large banks. Bank growth has not been in the interest of bank shareholders in small countries, and it is not clear whether those in larger countries have benefited. While market discipline through increasing funding costs should keep systemic size in check, clearly it has not been effective in preventing the emergence of such banks in the first place. Inadequate corporate governance structures at banks seem to have enabled managers to pursue high-growth strategies at the expense of shareholders, providing support for greater government regulation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 2011-021.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubcen:2011021

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Keywords: Bank size; systemic risk; market discipline;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Grammatikos, Theoharry & Papanikolaou, Nikolaos I., 2013. "What lies behind the “too-small-to-survive” banks?," MPRA Paper 51431, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2013.
  2. Apergis, Nicholas, 2014. "The long-term role of non-traditional banking in profitability and risk profiles: Evidence from a panel of U.S. banking institutions," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 61-73.
  3. Ahmet Duran & Burhaneddin Izgi, 2014. "Comovement and Polarization of Interest Rate and Stock Market in Turkey," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 130-141, March.
  4. Fabian Kuehnhausen, 2014. "The Impact of Financial Innovation on Firm Stability," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 211-239, March.
  5. Beltratti, Andrea & Paladino, Giovanna, 2013. "Why do banks optimize risk weights? The relevance of the cost of equity capital," MPRA Paper 46410, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Bozos, Konstantinos & Koutmos, Dimitrios & Song, Wei, 2013. "Beta risk and price synchronicity of bank acquirers’ common stock following merger announcements," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 47-58.
  7. Guzin Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Gültekin Gollu & Levent Yildiran, 2014. "Formal and Informal Regulations for Credit Card Payment Services," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 1-33, March.
  8. Ege Yazgan, 2014. "The effect of investors' confidence on monetary policy- economic growth relationship: a Multivariate GARCH approach," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 82-109, March.
  9. Orhan Erdem & Evren Arik & Serkan Yuksel, 2014. "Trading Puzzle," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 66-81, March.
  10. Antonina Waszczuk, 2014. "Assembling International Equity Datasets – Review of Studies on the Cross-Section of Common Stocks," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 34-65, March.
  11. Hamid Mohtadi & Stefan Ruediger, 2014. "Volatility and Transparency of Financial Markets in the MENA Region," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 173-195, March.
  12. Suleyman Hilmi Kal & Nuran Arslaner & Ferhat Arslaner, 2014. "Inflation Dynamics and Business Cycles," Working Paper 19, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul.
  13. Cristina Bernini & Paola Brighi, 2011. "Relationship Lending, Distance and Efficiency in a Heterogeneous Banking System," Working Paper Series 41_11, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  14. Sadettin Haluk Citci, 2014. "Agency and Transparency in Financial Markets," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 110-120, March.
  15. Sezer Bozkus Kahyaoglu & M. Vedat Pazarlioglu, 2014. "Hedging Strategy for Electricity Market Price Volatility: The Case of Turkish Electricity Market," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 196-210, March.
  16. Mehmet Balcilar & Riza Demirer, 2014. "The Effect of Global Shocks and Volatility on Herd Behavior in Borsa Istanbul," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 142-172, March.
  17. Zaghini, Andrea, 2014. "Bank bonds: Size, systemic relevance and the sovereign," CFS Working Paper Series 454, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).

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