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The Dark Side of Bank Wholesale Funding

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  • Huang, R.
  • Ratnovksi, L.

    (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)

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    Abstract

    Commercial banks increasingly use short-term wholesale funds to supplement traditional retail deposits. Existing literature mainly points to the "bright side" of wholesale funding: sophisticated financiers can monitor banks, disciplining bad ones but refinancing solvent ones. This paper models a "dark side" of wholesale funding. In an environment with a costless but imperfect signal on bank project quality (e.g., credit ratings, performance of peers), short-term wholesale financiers have lower incentives to conduct costly information acquisition, and instead may withdraw based on negative but noisy public signals, triggering inefficient liquidations. We show that the "dark side" of wholesale funding dominates the "bright side" when bank assets are more arm's length and tradable (leading to more relevant public signals and lower liquidation costs): precisely the attributes of a banking sector with securitizations and risk transfers. The results shed light on the recent financial turmoil, explaining why some wholesale financiers did not provide market discipline ex-ante and exacerbated liquidity risks ex-post.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 2009-59 S.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubcen:200959s

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    Web page: http://center.uvt.nl

    Related research

    Keywords: Banks; Crises; Funding; Deposits; Bank Runs; Monitoring; Market Discipline;

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    References

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    2. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Leony, Larissa & Romeu, Rafael, 2011. "A model of bank lending in the global financial crisis and the case of Korea," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 322-334, August.
    2. Lars Norden & Martin Weber, 2010. "Funding Modes of German Banks: Structural Changes and their Implications," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 69-93, December.
    3. Bank for International Settlements, 2010. "Funding patterns and liquidity management of internationally active banks," CGFS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 39, July.
    4. De La Motte, Laura & Czernomoriez, Janna & Clemens, Marius, 2010. "Zur Vertrauensökonomik: Der Interbankenmarkt in der Krise von 2007-2009
      [Economics of trust: The interbank market during the crisis 2007-2009]
      ," MPRA Paper 20357, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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