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Public Congestion Network Situations, and Related Games


Author Info

  • Kleppe, J.
  • Reijnierse, J.H.

    (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)


This paper analyzes congestion effects on network situations from a cooperative game theoretic perspective. In network situations players have to connect themselves to a source. Since we consider publicly available networks any group of players is allowed to use the entire network to establish their connection. We deal with the problem of finding an optimal network, the main focus of this paper is however to discuss the arising cost allocation problem. For this we introduce two different transferable utility cost games. For concave cost functions we use the direct cost game, where coalition costs are based on what a coalition can do in absence of other players. This paper however mainly discusses network situations with convex cost functions, which are analyzed by the use of the marginal cost game. In this game the cost of a coalition is defined as the additional cost it induces when it joins the complementary group of players. We prove that this game is concave. Furthermore, we define a cost allocation by means of three egalitarian principles, and show that this allocation is an element of the core of the marginal cost game. These results are extended to a class of continuous network situations and associated games.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 2007-58.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubcen:200758

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Keywords: Congestion; network situations; cooperative games; public;

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  1. Quant, Marieke & Borm, Peter & Reijnierse, Hans, 2006. "Congestion network problems and related games," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 172(3), pages 919-930, August.
  2. Borm, P.E.M. & Hamers, H.J.M. & Hendrickx, R.L.P., 2001. "Operations research games: A survey," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-305110, Tilburg University.
  3. Quant, M. & Reijnierse, J.H., 2004. "Convex Congestion Network Problems," Discussion Paper 2004-59, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  4. Matsubayashi, Nobuo & Umezawa, Masashi & Masuda, Yasushi & Nishino, Hisakazu, 2005. "A cost allocation problem arising in hub-spoke network systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 160(3), pages 821-838, February.
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