Trust in the Shadow of the Courts
AbstractIf contract enforcers must be randomly selected from the same population and thus are as opportunistic as ordinary traders could a system of adjudication nevertheless increase the degree to which contractual obligations on large anonymous markets are fulfilled? Adopting an indirect evolutionary approach with endogenous preference formation it can be shown that without superior behaviour of adjudicators an adjudication system can induce untrustworthy traders to behave as if trustworthy. However, in the presence of occasional mistakes adjudication will merely slow down but not fully eliminate the evolutionary advantage of untrustworthy types. Only if arbitrators become judges who receive a fixed income occasional mistakes will not favour untrustworthy types. But even then under non-optimal court politics and unfavourable parameter constellations in a low trust environment the introduction of courts may in fact contribute to the crowding out of the trustworthy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 1997-89.
Date of creation: 1997
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Evolutionary game theory; intrinsic motivation; trust relationships; court system; legal litigation; Hobbesian problem of social order; crowding out;
Other versions of this item:
- Geoffrey Brennan & Werner Güth & Hartmut Kliemt, 2003. "Trust in the Shadow of the Courts," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 159(1), pages 16-, March.
- A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
- A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
- K00 - Law and Economics - - General - - - General (including Data Sources and Description)
- K12 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Contract Law
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