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Unemployment and endogenous growth

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Author Info

  • Schaik, A.B.T.M. van
  • Groot, H.L.F. de

    (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)

Abstract

In this paper we develop a two-sector endogenous growth model with a dual labour market, based on efficiency wages. Growth is driven by intentional R&D performed in the high-tech and high-wage sector. It is examined how a change in rivalry among firms affects simultaneously growth and unemployment. On the one hand, an increase of the elasticity of substitution between the product varieties of different high-tech firms reduces market power and leads to higher growth but reduces job prospects. On the other hand, if barriers to entry exist, an increase of the number of rivals in the market (due to removal of entry barriers) leads to lower growth, whereas the effect on aggregate employment is ambiguous.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 1995-75.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubcen:199575

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Web page: http://center.uvt.nl

Related research

Keywords: Economic Growth; Wages; Unemployment; Labour Market; Growth Models; labour economics;

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Cited by:
  1. Leopold Soegner & Alfred Stiassny, 2000. "A Cross-Country Study on Okun's Law," Working Papers geewp13, Vienna University of Economics Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
  2. Ramos Parreno, Jose Maria & Sanchez-Losada, Fernando, 2002. "The role of unions in an endogenous growth model with human capital," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 171-192, June.
  3. Martin Zagler, 1999. "Endogenous Growth, Efficency Wages, and Persistent Unemployment," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp066, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  4. Schaik, A.B.T.M. van & Groot, H.L.F. de, 2000. "Unemployment, growth and efficiency wages," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-83963, Tilburg University.
  5. Ziesemer,Thomas, 2002. "Monopolistic Competition, Search Unemployment, and Macroeconomics," Research Memorandum 021, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  6. Gabriele R. & Fagiolo G. & Dosi G., 2004. "Towards an Evolutionary Interpretation of Aggregate Labor Market Regularities," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 84, Society for Computational Economics.
  7. Horst Feldmann, 2013. "Technological unemployment in industrial countries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(5), pages 1099-1126, November.
  8. Agenor, Pierre-Richard, 2004. "Unemployment - poverty trade-offs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3297, The World Bank.
  9. Bucci, Alberto & Fiorillo, Fabio & Staffolani, Stefano, 2001. "Can Market Power influence Employment, Wage Inequality and Growth ?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2000030, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  10. Vesna Stavrevska, 2011. "The efficiency wages perspective to wage rigidity in the open economy: a survey," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(3), pages 273-299, July.
  11. Mondal, Debasis & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2008. "Intellectual property rights protection and unemployment in a North South model: A theoretical analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 463-484, May.
  12. Meckl, Jürgen, 1999. "Efficiency-wage unemployment and endogenous growth," Discussion Papers, Series 1 295, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.
  13. Campbell leith & Chol-Won Li, 2001. "Unemployment and the Productivity Slowdown: A Labour Supply Perspective," Working Papers 2001_13, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  14. Raurich, Xavier & Sorolla, Valeri, 2014. "Growth, unemployment and wage inertia," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 42-59.
  15. Groot, H.L.F. de & Schaik, A.B.T.M. van, 1997. "Unemployment and catching up: Europe vis à vis the USA," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-73836, Tilburg University.
  16. Lutz G. Arnold, 2006. "Does the Choice between Wage Inequality and Unemployment Affect Productivity Growth?," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7, pages 87-112, 02.
  17. Meckl, Jurgen, 2004. "Accumulation of technological knowledge, wage differentials, and unemployment," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 65-82, March.
  18. Shu-Chen Chang, 2005. "The dynamic interactions among foreign direct investment, economic growth, exports and unemployment: evidence from Taiwan," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 235-256, December.

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