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Family labour supply and taxes in Ireland

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Author Info

  • Callan, T.
  • Soest, A.H.O. van

    (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)

Abstract

We analyse the labour supply of husband and wife in Irish families. A static structural model used. Account is taken of nonlinearities and non-convexities in tax-benefit system, of fixed costs of working, of unobserved preference variation across families, of prediction errors in wages of non-workers and of potential endogeneity of gross wage rates. Moreover the neoclassical model is extended such that information on involuntary unemployment is incorporated in a structural way. Smooth simulated maximum likelihood is used to estimate the model, using household data from 1997. The Irish tax system is characterized by ?income splitting? so that the tax liability of the couple depends essentially on the joint income of husband and wife. We analyse the sensitivity of husbands? and wives? labour supply with respect to the own wage, the partner's wage, and other income. We compare labour supply under the actual tax regime and under alternatives involving more independent taxation, and analyse the extent to which the tax system can explain the low participation of married women in Ireland.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research in its series Discussion Paper with number 1994-26.

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Date of creation: 1994
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dgr:kubcen:199426

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Web page: http://center.uvt.nl

Related research

Keywords: Taxation; Labour Supply;

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References

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  1. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  2. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain, 1993. "Simulation-based inference : A survey with special reference to panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 5-33, September.
  3. Hausman, Jerry A, 1985. "The Econometrics of Nonlinear Budget Sets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1255-82, November.
  4. Blundell, Richard & Ham, John & Meghir, Costas, 1987. "Unemployment and Female Labour Supply," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388a), pages 44-64, Supplemen.
  5. Blundell, Richard & Walker, Ian, 1986. "A Life-Cycle Consistent Empirical Model of Family Labour Supply Using Cross-Section Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(4), pages 539-58, August.
  6. repec:fth:stanho:e-90-11 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Soest, A.H.O. van & Kooreman, P. & Kapteyn, A.J., 1990. "Coherency and regularity of demand systems with equality and inequality constraints," Discussion Paper 1990-1, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  8. Thomas MaCurdy & David Green & Harry Paarsch, 1990. "Assessing Empirical Approaches for Analyzing Taxes and Labor Supply," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 415-490.
  9. Callan, T. & Soest, A.H.O. van, 1993. "Female labour supply in farm households: Farm and off-farm participation," Discussion Paper 1993-10, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  10. Kapteyn, A.J. & Kooreman, P. & Soest, A.H.O. van, 1990. "Quantity rationing and concavity in a flexible household labor supply model," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-364376, Tilburg University.
  11. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
  12. William T. Dickens & Shelly J. Lundberg, 1985. "Hours Restrictions and Labor Supply," NBER Working Papers 1638, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Blomquist, N. Soren, 1988. "Nonlinear taxes and labor supply," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1213-1226, July.
  14. Callan, Tim & Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Brendan J. & Hannan, Damian F. & Creighton, S., 1989. "Poverty, Income and Welfare in Ireland," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number GRS146.
  15. Jerry A. Hausman & Paul Ruud, 1984. "Family Labor Supply With Taxes," NBER Working Papers 1271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Stern, Steven, 1992. "A Method for Smoothing Simulated Moments of Discrete Probabilities in Multinomial Probit Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(4), pages 943-52, July.
  17. Tim Callan, 1991. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Ireland," Papers WP028, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  18. Ransom, Michael R, 1987. "An Empirical Model of Discrete and Continuous Choice in Family Labor Supply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 465-72, August.
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