Solidarity economy in Brazil: movement, discourse and practice. Analysis through a Polanyian understanding of the economy
AbstractSolidarity economy initiatives constitute a worldwide phenomenon that is today at the very heart of numerous economic and social debates. They are active in a very diverse number of economic sectors, aiming for example to creating employment and income for poor and low-qualified workers, excluded from the conventional, State or private, labour markets. In the paper, we begin with presenting a Polanyian framework for the analysis of such economic activities, which enables us to develop a plural and integral conception of a productive organization, and study all these dimensions together. In a second part, we draw upon the thesis of Polanyi that economy is a political and institutionalized process and present an historic overview of the construction of the solidarity economy â€sectorâ€ in Brazil. We will put forward the hypothesis that the solidarity economy today, in Brazil as well as in Latin America in general, represents a social movement. In the third and last part of the paper, we ask ourselves if the solidarity economy movement led to a change in grassroots economic initiatives, such as the â€œpeopleâ€™s cooperativesâ€. We present the results of an exploratory research undertaken of 15 peopleâ€™s cooperatives in the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS), The Hague in its series ISS Working Papers - General Series with number 524.
Date of creation: 15 Jun 2011
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Brazil; social movement; local development; Polanyi; peopleâ€™s cooperative; solidarity economy;
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