The Impact of Client and Auditor Gender on Auditors' Judgments
AbstractThis study assesses the influence of client gender and auditor gender on auditorsâ€™ judgments. In an experimental task, a client offers unverified explanations as to why the auditorâ€™s initial proposed adjusting journal entry (AJE) to lower the inventory value should not be recorded. The design includes one randomly manipulated variable (client gender: male or female) and one measured variable (auditor gender: male or female). The dependent variable assesses the influence of the clientâ€™s explanations on the auditorâ€™s final proposed AJE recommendation. The results indicate that both male and female auditors exhibited a male-favorability; that is, they were persuaded more by a male than female client to change their initial AJE recommendation. Furthermore, female auditors were more influenced by a male client and less influenced by a female client than male auditors. Using an expert panelâ€™s consensus opinion as a benchmark for the "best" solution, the male auditors were more accurate than female auditors, irrespective of client gender. Additional research will aid in substantiating, determining the limits, and generalizing the findings.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam. in its series Research Paper with number ERS-2006-059-F&A.
Date of creation: 15 Nov 2006
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Web page: http://www.erim.eur.nl/
audit judgment; auditor gender; client gender; gender stereotypes; risk taking; selectivity hypothesis;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ACC-2006-12-01 (Accounting & Auditing)
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-MKT-2006-12-01 (Marketing)
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