The Past, Present, and Future of Multidimensional Scaling
AbstractMultidimensional scaling (MDS) has established itself as a standard tool for statisticians and applied researchers. Its success is due to its simple and easily interpretable representation of potentially complex structural data. These data are typically embedded into a 2-dimensional map, where the objects of interest (items, attributes, stimuli, respondents, etc.) correspond to points such that those that are near to each other are empirically similar, and those that are far apart are different. In this paper, we pay tribute to several important developers of MDS and give a subjective overview of milestones in MDS developments. We also discuss the present situation of MDS and give a brief outlook on its future.
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