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Spatial aspects of the rise of nonmarital fertility across Europe since 1960: the role of states and regions in shaping patterns of change

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  • Sebastian Klüsener

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Brienna Perelli-Harris

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Nora E. Sánchez Gassen

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the role of states and regions in shaping spatial patterns of non-marital fertility in Europe since 1960 using a dataset of 497 European subnational regions and smaller countries. Almost all regions registered substantial nonmarital fertility increases over the last 50 years. Prior research by Watkins (1991) has shown that in the first half of the 20th century states played a dominant role in drawing the demographic map of Europe. As a result, subnational regional variation decreased, while differences between countries increased. In this paper, we investigate whether states continue to play such a dominant role in delineating patterns of nonmarital fertility between 1960 and 2007. We find that variation in nonmarital fertility levels increased as a whole across Europe, and states continued to be important for determining these patterns. However, the role of states relative to regions declined in the latest period examined (1990 and 2007). Possible explanations for the changes include increased supranational integration, for example within the European Union, and decentralisation within states leading to increases in variation in subnational contextual conditions.

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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2012-005.pdf
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/journal_articles/spatial_aspects_of_the_rise_of_nonmarital_fertility_across_europe_since_1960_the_role_of_states_4704.htm
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2012-005.

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    Length: 54 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2012-005

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: Europe; fertility; geography; nuptiality; spatial analysis;

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    References

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    1. Ron J. Lesthaeghe & Lisa Neidert, 2006. "The Second Demographic Transition in the United States: Exception or Textbook Example?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 32(4), pages 669-698.
    2. Brienna Perelli-Harris & Nora E. Sánchez Gassen, 2010. "The reciprocal relationship between the state and union formation across Western Europe: policy dimensions and theoretical considerations," MPIDR Working Papers, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany WP-2010-034, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    3. Ron Lesthaeghe, 2010. "The Unfolding Story of the Second Demographic Transition," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 36(2), pages 211-251.
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