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The transition from school to work in Russia during and after socialism: change or continuity?

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  • Christoph Bühler

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Dirk Konietzka

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

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    Abstract

    Russia. It compares the process of entering working life during socialism (1966-1990) and the transition period (1991-2005) by utilizing information from 6,455 males and females of the "Education and Employment Survey for Russia". The results document influences both of change and of continuity. The introduction of labor markets and a mismatch between qualifications acquired at school and demanded by employers led to increasing risks of unemployment after education and first jobs at the lower levels of the occupational hierarchy. However, as the general character of the educational system and the internal structures of many firms did not change, traditional paths of mobility from educational degrees to particular occupational positions continued to exist. Thus, the transition from school-to-work in Russia did not experience an abrupt change but a gradual adjustment to the new economic order.

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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2008-018.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2008-018.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2008-018

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: Russian Federation; early adulthood; educational systems; employment; occupational qualifications; transitional society; unemployment;

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    1. Andres Vikat & Zsolt Spéder & Gijs Beets & Francesco Billari & Christoph Bühler & Aline Desesquelles & Tineke Fokkema & Jan M. Hoem & Alphonse MacDonald & Gerda Neyer & Ariane Pailhé & Antonella Pi, 2007. "Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(14), pages 389-440, November.
    2. Markus Gangl, 2000. "European Perspectives on Labour Market Entry : A Matter of Institutional Linkages between Training Systems and Labour Markets?," MZES Working Papers 24, MZES.
    3. Kennedy, Robert E., 1997. "A tale of two economies: Economic restructuring in post-socialist Poland," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 841-865, June.
    4. Jan Svejnar, 1991. "Microeconomic Issues in the Transition to a Market Economy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 5(4), pages 123-138, Fall.
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