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To concentration of reproduction in cohorts of US and European women

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Author Info

  • Vladimir M. Shkolnikov

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Evgueni M. Andreev

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • René Houle

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • James W. Vaupel

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

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    Abstract

    We study inter-individual variability in number of children among women. Concentration ratio (CR) and percentile measures are used. In most countries CR has increasing from cohorts of the 1930s-40s onward due to rise in childlessness. In cohorts of the early 1960s CR varies from 0.24 to 0.46 among 20 countries. West Germany and the USA have the lowest values of CR, while Eastern European countries have the highest. The US CPS and FFS allow further exploring the variability. Fertility strongly varies across socio-demographic groups. Advanced groups of women experience childlessness of 30%, average fertility of 1.3-1.5 and CR of 0.45-0.49. Groups with lower qualification experience childlessness of 10 percent, average fertility of 2.4-3.0, and CR of 0.30-0.34. The inter-group contrast can not explain high concentration of reproduction in the USA, since variability is high within each group. Concentration of reproduction could be driven by women’s preferences/orientations toward family vs. career.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2004-027.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2004-027

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: Europe; Gini index; USA; fertility measurements; fertility schedules;

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    References

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    1. S. Philip Morgan, 2003. "Is low fertility a twenty-first-century demographic crisis?," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 589-603, November.
    2. Catherine Hakim, 2003. "A New Approach to Explaining Fertility Patterns: Preference Theory," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 29(3), pages 349-374.
    3. Laurent Toulemon & Magali Mazuy, 2001. "Les naissances sont retardées mais la fécondité est stable," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 56(4), pages 611-644.
    4. Griffith Feeney, 1991. "Fertility decline in Taiwan: A study using parity progression ratios," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 467-479, August.
    5. Samuel Preston, 1976. "Family sizes of children and family sizes of women," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 105-114, February.
    6. John Bongaarts, 2002. "The End of the Fertility Transition in the Developed World," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(3), pages 419-443.
    7. Anne H. Gauthier, 2002. "Family Policies in Industrialized Countries: Is There Convergence?," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(3), pages 447-474.
    8. Kenneth Couch & Mary Daly & Douglas Wolf, 1999. "Time? money? both? the allocation of resources to older Parents," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 219-232, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. repec:ese:iserwp:2010-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Lara Tavares, 2008. "Who delays childbearing? The relationships between fertility, education and personality traits," Working Papers, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi 009, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi.
    3. Tomas Sobotka & Anna Å t’astná & Krystof Zeman & Dana Hamplová & Vladimíra Kantorová, 2008. "Czech Republic: A rapid transformation of fertility and family behaviour after the collapse of state socialism," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 19(14), pages 403-454, July.
    4. Christoph Bühler, 2006. "On the structural value of children and its implication on intended fertility in Bulgaria," MPIDR Working Papers, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany WP-2006-003, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

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