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Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence

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  • Juan Miguel Benito

    ()
    (Universidad Publica de Navarra)

  • Pablo Brañas-Garza

    ()
    (GLOBE: Universidad de Granada)

  • Penelope Hernandez

    ()
    (ERI-CES)

  • Juan A. Sanchis

    ()
    (ERI-CES)

Abstract

This paper shows the results of experiments where subjects play the Schelling's spatial proximity model (1969, 1971a). Two types of experiments are conducted; one in which choices are made sequentially, and a variation of the first where the decision-making is simultaneous. The results of the sequential experiments are identical to Schelling's prediction: subjects finish in a segregated equilibrium. Likewise, in the variant of the simultaneous decision experiment the same result is reached: segregation. Subjects’ heterogeneity generates a series of focal points in the first round. In order to locate themselves, subjects use these focal points immediately, and as a result, the segregation takes place again. Furthermore, simultaneous experiments with commuting costs allow us to conclude that introducing positive moving costs does not affect segregation.

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File URL: http://www.uv.es/erices/RePEc/WP/2010/0510.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Valencia, ERI-CES in its series Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour with number 0510.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:dbe:wpaper:0510

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Keywords: Schelling models; economic experiments; segregation;

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