Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence
AbstractThis paper shows the results of experiments where subjects play the Schelling's spatial proximity model (1969, 1971a). Two types of experiments are conducted; one in which choices are made sequentially, and a variation of the first where the decision-making is simultaneous. The results of the sequential experiments are identical to Schelling's prediction: subjects finish in a segregated equilibrium. Likewise, in the variant of the simultaneous decision experiment the same result is reached: segregation. Subjects’ heterogeneity generates a series of focal points in the first round. In order to locate themselves, subjects use these focal points immediately, and as a result, the segregation takes place again. Furthermore, simultaneous experiments with commuting costs allow us to conclude that introducing positive moving costs does not affect segregation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Valencia, ERI-CES in its series Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour with number 0510.
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Schelling models; economic experiments; segregation;
Other versions of this item:
- Juan Miguel Benito & Pablo Brañas-Garza & Penélope Hernández & Juan A. Sanchis, 2009. "Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence," ThE Papers 09/06, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
- NEP-ALL-2010-06-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2010-06-26 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-EXP-2010-06-26 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-URE-2010-06-26 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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