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Peut-on s'appuyer sur le capital socio-culturel pour réduire la pauvreté aux Comores

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  • Dubois, Jean-Luc
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    Abstract

    Le PIB réel par habitant des Comores baisse depuis 1985. Il est aujourd'hui de 16% moins élevé qu'il y a 10 ans, au moment de l'indépendance. Dissimulée ou voyante, la pauvreté touche inégalement les diverses îles et leurs catégories de population et continue de s'accroître. Elle explique pour partie les difficultés politiques actuelles de l'archipel. Le gouvernement a bien mis en place une importante politique de réformes économiques, mais la croissance ne repart pas. Pourtant, une croissance de près de 5% par an, accompagnée de mesures de redistribution adéquates, est indispensable pour fortement réduire la pauvreté en une dizaine d'années. La difficulté réside dans la reprise d'une croissance durable sachant que la plupart des secteurs traditionnels de l'agriculture, de l'industrie ou du commerce, connaissent des limites à leur expansion. C'est pourquoi, il semble normal de se demander si, on ne pourrait pas trouver, au sein même de l'originalité sociale et culturelle comorienne, les mécanismes et avantages comparatifs qui permettraient d'enclencher une reprise de la croissance, puis de l'alimenter.

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    File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/5153/1/1997-14.PDF
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/5153.

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    Date of creation: 1997
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    Publication status: Published in DIAL Document de travail, 1997
    Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/5153

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    Keywords: Comores; croissance; pauvreté;

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    1. Claude de Miras, 1997. "Le développement des petites économies insulaires relève-t-il encore de l'économie de marché ?," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(149), pages 79-98.
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