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La croissance est-elle pro-pauvres au Mali ?

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  • Günther, Isabel
  • Marouani, Mohamed Ali
  • Raffinot, Marc

Abstract

Since the 1994 devaluation, growth has been quite strong in Mali (about 5% p.a. on average), but much weaker in terms of GDP per person (about 2.6% p.a.) due to a very high index of fecundity. Growth is still very unstable, due to a large share of agriculture in GDP and very sensitive to rainfall and other shocks (droughts, locusts, etc.). Following a surge after the devaluation, poverty incidence plummeted slightly. Extreme poverty decreased, and growth has been pro-poor to some extent in monetary terms. The analysis of social indicators shows that non-poor benefited more in terms of education, nutrition and health. The high degree of inequality is important for explaining the disappointing results in poverty reduction. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) gives priority to investment in education and health supply. In countries like Mali, the likely effect of such policies is questionable, at least in the short or medium run. We propose to focus on the dynamics of poverty alleviation. For promoting the equality of opportunities and poverty reduction, redistribution issues should be tackled, along with increasing the production of rainfall cereals, and a steady job creation in urban areas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4351.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Publication status: Published in DIAL Document de travail, 2006
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4351

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Keywords: growth incidence curve; pro-poor growth; redistribution; growth; inequality; Poverty; Poverty reduction policies; courbe d’incidence de la croissance; croissance pro-pauvres; redistribution; croissance; Mali; inégalité; pauvreté; Politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté;

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Cited by:
  1. Anda Mariana David & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2012. "Poverty Reduction and Growth Interactions: What Can Be Learned from the Syrian Experience?," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 30(6), pages 773-787, November.
  2. Grosse, Melanie & Harttgen, Kenneth & Klasen, Stephan, 2008. "Measuring Pro-Poor Growth in Non-Income Dimensions," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1021-1047, June.
  3. Delarue, Jocelyne & Mesplé-Somps, Sandrine & Naudet, Jean-David & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2009. "Le paradoxe de Sikasso : coton et pauvreté au Mali," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/4303, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Cherrier, Cecile & Ninno, Carlo del & Razmara, Setareh, 2011. "Mali social safety nets," Social Protection Discussion Papers 89188, The World Bank.
  5. Jocelyne Delarue & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps & Jean-David Naudet & Anne-Sophie Robilliard, 2009. "The Sikasso Paradoxe: Cotton and Poverty in Mali," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2009/09, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).

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