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Is there a glass ceiling in Morocco? Evidence from matched worker-firm data

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  • Nordman, Christophe Jalil
  • Wolff, François-Charles

Abstract

According to the glass ceiling hypothesis evidenced in developed countries, there exist larger gender pay gaps at the upper tail of the wage distribution. In this paper, we investigate the relevance of a glass ceiling effect in Morocco using a matched worker-firm data set of more than 8000 employees and 850 employers. We estimate linear and quantile earnings regressions which account for firm heterogeneity and perform a quantile decomposition. We also focus on the within-firm gender earnings gap using information on the firms’ characteristics. Our results show that the gender earnings gap is higher at the top of the distribution than at the bottom in Morocco. The gender gap widens in the upper tail of the earnings distribution when controlling for firm specific components. The glass ceiling effect is also reinforced over time in Morocco as high wage male workers benefit from higher earnings growth than women.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4344.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Publication status: Published in Journal of African Economies, 2009, Vol. 18, no. 4. pp. 592-633.Length: 41 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4344

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Keywords: Écart de revenus selon le genre; glass ceiling; Gender wage gap; matched worker-firm data; quantile regressions; Maroc; données appariées employeurs-employés; régressions de quantile; plafond de verre;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Richard U. Agesa & Jacqueline Agesa & Andrew Dabalen, 2013. "Sources of the Persistent Gender Wage Gap along the Unconditional Earnings Distribution: Findings from Kenya," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 76-103, March.
  2. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2009. "On-the-job learning and earnings: Comparative evidence from Morocco and Senegal," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5948, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Christophe Muller & Christophe J. Nordman, 2013. "Task Organization, Human Capital and Wages in Moroccan Exporting Firms," Working Papers halshs-00854522, HAL.
  4. Vaillant, Julia & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2013. "Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12203, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2007. "On-the-job learning and earnings in Benin, Morocco and Senegal," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4333, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Wolff, François-Charles & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2010. "Gender Differences in Pay in African Manufacturing Firms," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10806, Paris Dauphine University.
  7. KUEPIE Mathias & DZOSSA Anaclet Désiré & KELODJOUE Samuel, 2013. "Determinants of labor market gender inequalities in Cameroon, Senegal and Mali: the role of human capital and the fertility burden," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2013-08, CEPS/INSTEAD.

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