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Gender Disparities in the Malagasy Labour Market

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  • Robilliard, Anne-Sophie
  • Rakotomanana, Faly
  • Nordman, Christophe Jalil

Abstract

n this study, we address the issue of gender differences in labour market performances for Madagascar using data from two national household surveys carried out in 2001 and 2005. The data collected in these surveys allow us to measure the gender pay gap at two points in time, and to analyze the determinants of occupational choices across sectors of employment as well as of wages and earnings. Our results show that the average gender wage gap is relatively small and stable over time. Across wage employment sectors, the gender gap appears to be the lowest in the public sector and the highest in the informal sector. In non-farm self-employment, however, the gender earnings gap is much higher and declined between 2001 and 2005. Using full decomposition techniques, we provide evidence that gender specific sectoral location explains a significant share of the gender wage gap in both years. Augmented earnings equations estimates carried out for the non-farm self-employment sector suggest that the gap in this sector is driven by the very unequal distribution of micro-firm attributes between men and women. This results points to a potential source of earnings differential often ignored in the gender gap literature which is access to physical capital by women.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4304.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Publication status: Published in Gender Disparities in Africa's Labor Market, . pp. 87-154.Length: 67 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4304

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Keywords: écart de genre; participation au marché du travail; allocation sectorielle; équations de gains; écart salarial de genre; gender wage gap; Madagascar; labour force participation; sectoral allocation; earnings equations;

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Cited by:
  1. Vaillant, Julia & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2013. "Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/12203, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Christophe Nordman & Anne-Sophie Robilliard & François Roubaud, 2009. "Decomposing Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Seven West African Cities," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2009/07, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  3. KUEPIE Mathias & DZOSSA Anaclet Désiré & KELODJOUE Samuel, 2013. "Determinants of labor market gender inequalities in Cameroon, Senegal and Mali: the role of human capital and the fertility burden," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2013-08, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  4. World Bank, 2014. "Face of Poverty in Madagascar : Poverty, Gender, and Inequality Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18250, The World Bank.
  5. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2010. "Dynamique des profits des micro-entreprises urbaines et genre à Madagascar. Une approche de régressions quantiles," Working Papers hal-00616788, HAL.
  6. Wolff, François-Charles & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2010. "Gender Differences in Pay in African Manufacturing Firms," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/10806, Paris Dauphine University.

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