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Employment Vulnerability and Earnings in Urban West Africa

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  • Bocquier, Philippe
  • Nordman, Christophe Jalil
  • Vescovo, Aude

Abstract

This article develops indicators of vulnerability in employment in seven economic capitals of West Africa and studies their links with individual incomes. Quantitative, distributional and qualitative analyses show that vulnerability compensating mechanism is mainly seen in the informal sector, in the upper tail of the earnings distribution and particularly in the circumstance of visible underemployment. Employment vulnerability is not compensated for the poorest workers in the private sector. Long “job queues” and weak institutional protection of workers may have reduced bargaining power in the formal sector.

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File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/4294/1/2010-05.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4294.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in World Development, 2010, Vol. 38, no. 9. pp. 1297-1314.Length: 17 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4294

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Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html
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Keywords: Afrique de l'Ouest; West Africa; secteur informel; revenus; différentiels compensatoires; conditions de travail; vulnérabilité; vulnerability; working conditions; compensating differentials; earnings; informal sector;

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  1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, December.
  2. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  3. Maloney, William, 2003. "Informality revisited," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2965, The World Bank.
  4. David Card, 2000. "Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems," NBER Working Papers 7769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jellal, Mohamed & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2008. "Evidence on the glass ceiling effect in France using matched worker-firm data," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4377, Paris Dauphine University.
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  7. Dimova, Ralitza & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Roubaud, François, 2010. "Allocation of Labor in Urban West Africa: Insights from the Pattern of Labor Supply and Skill Premiums," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10597, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Lawrence F. Katz, 1986. "Efficiency Wage Theories: A Partial Evaluation," NBER Working Papers 1906, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Kuepie, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe J. & Roubaud, François, 2009. "Education and earnings in urban West Africa," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 491-515, September.
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  13. Appleton, Simon & Hoddinott, John & Krishnan, Pramila, 1999. "The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(2), pages 289-312, January.
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  18. Daniel, Christophe & Sofer, Catherine, 1998. "Bargaining, Compensating Wage Differentials, and Dualism of the Labor Market: Theory and Evidence for France," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 546-75, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nordman, Christophe J. & Nguyen, Huu Chi & Roubaud, François, 2011. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 60, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  2. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Pasquier-Doumer, Laure, 2012. "Vocational Education, On-the-Job Training and Labour Market Integration of Young Workers in Urban West Africa," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10596, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Kuépié, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Education et marchés du travail à Brazzaville et Pointe Noire (Congo-Brazzaville)," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7386, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Transitions and Occupational Changes in a West African Urban Labour Market: The Role of Social Network," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11236, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Stefano A. Caria & Paolo Falco, 2014. "Does the Risk of Poverty Reduce Happiness?," Development Working Papers 363, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 07 Apr 2014.
  6. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2013. "Transitions in a West African Labour Market: The Role of Social Networks," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12204, Paris Dauphine University.

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