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Employment Vulnerability and Earnings in Urban West Africa

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  • Bocquier, Philippe
  • Nordman, Christophe Jalil
  • Vescovo, Aude

Abstract

This article develops indicators of vulnerability in employment in seven economic capitals of West Africa and studies their links with individual incomes. Quantitative, distributional and qualitative analyses show that vulnerability compensating mechanism is mainly seen in the informal sector, in the upper tail of the earnings distribution and particularly in the circumstance of visible underemployment. Employment vulnerability is not compensated for the poorest workers in the private sector. Long “job queues” and weak institutional protection of workers may have reduced bargaining power in the formal sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4294.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in World Development, 2010, Vol. 38, no. 9. pp. 1297-1314.Length: 17 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4294

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Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html
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Keywords: Afrique de l'Ouest; West Africa; secteur informel; revenus; différentiels compensatoires; conditions de travail; vulnérabilité; vulnerability; working conditions; compensating differentials; earnings; informal sector;

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  1. Fernández, Rosa M. & Nordman, Christophe J., 2009. "Are there pecuniary compensations for working conditions?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 194-207, April.
  2. Maloney, William, 2003. "Informality revisited," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2965, The World Bank.
  3. David Card, 2000. "Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems," NBER Working Papers 7769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Lawrence F. Katz, 1986. "Efficiency Wage Theories: A Partial Evaluation," NBER Working Papers 1906, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jellal, Mohamed & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2008. "Evidence on the glass ceiling effect in France using matched worker-firm data," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/4377, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Petri Böckerman & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2005. "Do Job Disamenities Raise Wages or Ruin Job Satisfaction?," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0501001, EconWPA.
  7. Dimova, Ralitza & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Roubaud, François, 2010. "Allocation of Labor in Urban West Africa: Insights from the Pattern of Labor Supply and Skill Premiums," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/10597, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Lanfranchi, Joseph & Ohlsson, Henry & Skalli, Ali, 2001. "COMPENSATING WAGE DIFFERENTIALS AND SHIFT WORK PREFERENCES. Evidence from France," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 55, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  9. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  10. Ambra Poggi, 2007. "Do Satisfactory Working Conditions Contribute to Explaining Earning Differentials in Italy? A Panel Data Approach," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 21(4-5), pages 713-733, December.
  11. Appleton, Simon & Hoddinott, John & Krishnan, Pramila, 1999. "The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(2), pages 289-312, January.
  12. Hwang, Hae-shin & Mortensen, Dale T & Reed, W Robert, 1998. "Hedonic Wages and Labor Market Search," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(4), pages 815-47, October.
  13. Brown, Charles, 1980. "Equalizing Differences in the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 94(1), pages 113-34, February.
  14. Elisabetta Magnani, 2001. "Market Volatility and the Structure of US Earnings," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 15(1), pages 57-80, 03.
  15. Daniel, Christophe & Sofer, Catherine, 1998. "Bargaining, Compensating Wage Differentials, and Dualism of the Labor Market: Theory and Evidence for France," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 546-75, July.
  16. Mozaffar Qizilbash, 2001. "Vague language and precise measurement: the case of poverty," Journal of Economic Methodology, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 41-58.
  17. Kuepie, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe J. & Roubaud, François, 2009. "Education and earnings in urban West Africa," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 491-515, September.
  18. Michael French & Laura Dunlap, 1998. "Compensating wage differentials for job stress," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(8), pages 1067-1075.
  19. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Roubaud, François & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Nguyen, Huu Chi, 2013. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/12321, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Stefano A. Caria & Paolo Falco, 2014. "Does the Risk of Poverty Reduce Happiness?," Development Working Papers 363, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 07 Apr 2014.
  3. Christophe Nordman & Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2012. "Vocational Education, On-the-Job Training and Labour Market Integration of Young Workers in Urban West Africa," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2012/13, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  4. Kuépié, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Education et marchés du travail à Brazzaville et Pointe Noire (Congo-Brazzaville)," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/7386, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Christophe Nordman & Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2013. "Transitions in a West African Labour Market: The Role of Social Networks," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2013/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  6. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Pasquier-Doumer, Laure, 2014. "Transitions in a West African Labour Market: The Role of Family Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 8349, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Transitions and Occupational Changes in a West African Urban Labour Market: The Role of Social Network," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/11236, Paris Dauphine University.

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