Should you believe in the Shanghai ranking? An NCDM view
AbstractThis paper proposes a critical analysis of the “Academic Ranking of World Universities”, published every year by the Institute of Higher Education of the Jiao Tong University in Shanghai and more commonly known as the Shanghai ranking. After having recalled how the ranking is built, we ﬁrst discuss the relevance of the criteria and then analyze the proposed aggregation method. Our analysis uses tools and concepts from Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM). Our main conclusions are that the criteria that are used are not relevant, that the aggrega- tion methodology is plagued by a number of major problems and that the whole exercise suﬀers from an insuﬃcient attention paid to fundamental structuring is- sues. Hence, our view is that the Shanghai ranking, in spite of the media coverage it receives, does not qualify as a useful and pertinent tool to discuss the “quality” of academic institutions, let alone to guide the choice of students and family or to promote reforms of higher education systems. We outline the type of work that should be undertaken to oﬀer sound alternatives to the Shanghai ranking.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/2947.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Scientometrics, 2010, Vol. 84, no. 1. pp. 237-263.Length: 26 pages
Evaluation Models; Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis; Higher Education; Shanghai Ranking;
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Charles Billaut & Denis Bouyssou & Philippe Vincke, 2009. "Should you believe in the Shanghai ranking? An MCDM view," Working Papers hal-00877050, HAL.
- I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
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