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Les configurations d'aide familiales mobilisées autour des personnes âgées dépendantes en Europe

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  • Fontaine, Roméo
  • Gramain, Agnès
  • Wittwer, Jérôme
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    Abstract

    L'enquête Share permet d'étudier l'aide apportée par leurs enfants aux personnes dépendantes âgées d'au moins 65 ans, dans les pays d'Europe. Comment les comportements individuels s'articulent-ils pour donner lieu à des configurations familiales d'aide ? Deux modalités d'implication sont envisagées, selon que les enfants cohabitent ou non avec leur parent dépendant. La proportion de personnes âgées dépendantes recevant un soutien de leur entourage, sous une forme ou sous l'autre, est remarquablement homogène : de 79 % en Suède et aux Pays-Bas à 87 % en Italie. Dans les pays du Nord, la moindre cohabitation inter-générationnelle est en effet compensée par une aide plus fréquente des enfants non cohabitants. Dans les six pays étudiés ici, l'implication des enfants est plus forte lorsque le degré de dépendance du parent est plus élevé et lorsqu'il n'a pas de conjoint. Cependant, le gradient Nord-Sud se retrouve dans la manière dont les enfants s'adaptent à l'absence de conjoint auprès de leur parent dépendant : accroissement de la cohabitation des filles au Sud, accroissement de l'aide « à distance » des fils comme des filles au Nord. La présence d'un conjoint auprès du parent dépendant semble modifier les logiques d'implication des enfants. Si le parent dépendant bénéficie de l'aide de son conjoint l'implication des enfants relève de décisions individuelles conduisant à une probabilité de soutien croissante avec le nombre d'enfants. L'implication auprès des parents sans conjoint relèverait au contraire d'une logique de fratrie visant à leur assurer une probabilité de soutien identique quel que soit le nombre de leurs enfants. Dans les fratries de deux enfants dont le parent est seul, une interaction asymétrique se dessine entre les comportements de l'aîné et du cadet. En moyenne, l'implication du cadet dépendrait de celle de l'aîné (la probabilité de s'impliquer du cadet serait plus faible si l'aîné s'implique lui-même), mais non l'inverse.

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    File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/1801/2/es403-404f.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/1801.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2007
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    Publication status: Published in Economie et Statistique, 2007, no. 403-404. pp. 97-116.Length: 19 pages
    Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/1801

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    Related research

    Keywords: long-term care;

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    References

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    1. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts et redistribution familiale collective," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(1), pages 143-162.
    2. Liliana E. Pezzin & Barbara Steinberg Schone, 1999. "Intergenerational Household Formation, Female Labor Supply and Informal Caregiving: A Bargaining Approach," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(3), pages 475-503.
    3. Steven Stern & Bridget Hiedemann, 1999. "Strategic Play Among Family Members When Making Long-Term Care Decisions," Virginia Economics Online Papers 321, University of Virginia, Department of Economics.
    4. Wittwer, Jérôme & Gramain, Agnès & Fontaine, Roméo, 2006. "Caring for elderly suffering from mental and behavioural disorders : contributions and coordination of informal caregivers," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/2075, Paris Dauphine University.
    5. Steven Stern, 1995. "Estimating Family Long-Term Care Decisions in the Presence of Endogenous Child Characteristics," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(3), pages 551-580.
    6. Liliana E. Pezzin & Peter Kemper & James Reschovsky, 1996. "Does Publicly Provided Home Care Substitute for Family Care? Experimental Evidence with Endogenous Living Arrangements," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(3), pages 650-676.
    7. Gary Solon & Mary Corcoran & Roger H. Gordon & Deborah Laren, 1987. "Sibling and Intergenerational Correlations in Welfare Program Participation," NBER Working Papers 2334, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Wolff, François-Charles, 2006. "Les transferts ascendants au Bangladesh, une décision familiale?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 82(1), pages 271-316, mars-juin.
    9. K. Bolin & B. Lindgren & P. Lundborg, 2008. "Informal and formal care among single-living elderly in Europe," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(3), pages 393-409.
    10. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale
      [Transfers to elderly parents and intra household allocation]
      ," MPRA Paper 38572, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Eric Bonsang, 2007. "How do middle-aged children allocate time and money transfers to their older parents in Europe?," Empirica, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 171-188, April.
    12. Tennille J. Checkovich & Steven Stern, 2002. "Shared Caregiving Responsibilities of Adult Siblings with Elderly Parents," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 37(3), pages 441-478.
    13. Maxim Engers & Steven Stern, 2002. "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 73-114, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Carole Bonnet & Laurent Gobillon & Anne Laferrere, 2008. "The Effect of Widowhood on Housing and Location Choices," Working Papers 2008-12, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.

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