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Pôles de compétitivité : enjeux et interrogations tirés des expériences des districts industriels et des clusters

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  • Chabaud, Didier
  • Ehlinger, Sylvie
  • Perret, Véronique
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    Abstract

    The decision, in July 2005, of French government to create « poles de compétitivité », can be understood like through an old and fertile research tradition, initiate by works of A. Marshall. This tradition has developed and enriched by notions of « industrial district » or « clusters ». Encouraged by more recent works of Porter (1998), national volontaries policies, aiming to create nationals competitives advantages by the construction or stimulation of entrepreneurials dynamics, have been initiated. However it is important to question elements and hypotheses of this volontarist policy as well as foundations of the performance of the clusters and conditions of their implementation. Thus, after a literature review where we put in obviousness elements fastened to the industrial district performance and clusters (and more largely to phenomenon of economic agglomeration), we questionned the proximity between these analyses and the idea of French competitiveness poles. Through various strategies we underline the main characteristics of this new conception of clusters.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/12182.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers de Recherche du CERMAT, 2006, Vol. 19, no. 136
    Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/12182

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    Keywords: pôles de compétitivité; districts; clusters; innovation; gouvernance;

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