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Aspiration failure: a poverty trap for indigenous children in Peru?

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  • Risso Brandon, Fiorella
  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure

Abstract

This paper aims to contribute to understand the mechanisms underlying the complex exclusion process of indigenous people in Peru, by analysing the role played by aspirations in the investment in education of indigenous children. To address these issues, the paper relies on a very rich data set, the Young Lives data, and use an original instrument that allow to cast light on the causal relation between aspiration and educational outcomes. We find that aspiration failure is a channel of inequality persistence between indigenous and non-indigenous people, but that aspiration failure do not takes the form of a lack of aspiration. Indigenous children do not have internalized racial schemas about occupation or about their opportunities. However, the gap between their aspiration and their current socio-economic status is too large, in so far as it has a disincentive effect on forward-looking behaviour.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/12016.

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Date of creation: Oct 2013
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Publication status: Published in DIAL Document de travail, 2013
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/12016

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Keywords: Indigenous; educational outcomes; Peru; aspiration; indigènes; résultats scolaires; Pérou;

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  1. Stefan Dercon & Tanguy Bernard and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, 2011. "Beyond fatalism - an empirical exploration of self-efficacy and aspirations failure in Ethiopia," Economics Series Working Papers CSAE WPS/2011-03, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  2. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00203145 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Bernard, Tanguy & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2012. "Measuring aspirations: discussion and example from Ethiopia:," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1190, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Adolfo Figueroa, 2006. "El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma," Documentos de Trabajo, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 2006-249, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    • Adolfo Figueroa, 2009. "El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma," Capítulos de Libros PUCP, in: Efraín Gonzales de Olarte & Javier M. Iguiñiz Echeverría (ed.), Desarrollo económico y bienestar. Homenaje a Máximo Vega-Centeno, edition 1, chapter 6, pages 153-206 Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  5. Nopo, Hugo & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Maximo, 2004. "Ethnicity and Earnings in Urban Peru," IZA Discussion Papers 980, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Juan Ansión & Alejandro Lazarte & Silvia Matos & José Rodríguez & Pablo Vega-Centeno, 1998. "Educación: la mejor herencia. Decisiones educativas y expectativas de los padres de familia," Libros PUCP, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number lde-1998-01, September.
  7. Santiago Cueto, 2007. "Las evaluaciones nacionales e internacionales de rendimiento escolar en el Perú: balance y perspectivas," Capitulos de Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), in: Grade (ed.), Investigación, políticas y desarrollo en el Perú, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 10, pages 405-455 Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  8. Carolina Trivelli, 2005. "Una mirada cuantitativa a la situación de pobreza de los hogares indígenas en el Perú," Revista Economía, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 55-56, pages 83-158.
  9. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal Of Fortune: Geography And Institutions In The Making Of The Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294, November.
  10. Piketty, Thomas, 1998. "Self-fulfilling beliefs about social status," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 115-132, October.
  11. Aonghas St-Hilaire, 2002. "The Social Adaptation of Children of Mexican Immigrants: Educational Aspirations Beyond Junior High School," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(4), pages 1026-1043.
  12. Joshua D. Angrist & Guido W. Imbens, 1995. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," NBER Technical Working Papers 0118, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Escobal, Javier & Flores, Eva, 2008. "An Assessment of the Young Lives Sampling Approach in Peru," MPRA Paper 56483, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Page, Lionel & Levy Garboua, Louis & Montmarquette, Claude, 2007. "Aspiration levels and educational choices: An experimental study," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 747-757, December.
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