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Gaining weight through retirement ? Results from the SHARE survey

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  • Godard, Mathilde

Abstract

This paper estimates the causal impact of retirement among the 50-69 year-old on Body Mass Index (BMI), the probability of being either overweight or obese and the probability of being obese. Based on the 2004, 2006 and 2010-11 waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), our identification strategy exploits the European variation in Early Retirement Ages (ERAs) and the stepwise increase in ERAs in Austria and Italy between 2004 and 2011 to produce an exogeneous shock in retirement behaviour. Our results show that retirement induced by discontinuous incentives in early retirement schemes causes a 13 percentage point increase in the probability of being obese among men within a two to four-year period. Additional results show that this effect is driven by men having retired from strenuous jobs and who were already at risk of obesity. No effects are found among women.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/11535.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Publication status: Published in Document de travail du Legos, 2014
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/11535

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Keywords: Body Mass Index; Obesity; Retirement; Instrumental Variables;

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  1. Susann Rohwedder & Robert J. Willis, 2010. "Mental Retirement," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 24(1), pages 119-38, Winter.
  2. Böckerman, Petri & Johansson, Edvard & Jousilahti, Pekka & Uutela, Antti, 2008. "The physical strenuousness of work is slightly associated with an upward trend in the BMI," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(6), pages 1346-1355, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Caroli, Eve & Bassanini, Andrea, 2014. "Is work bad for health? The role of constraint vs choice," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/12483, Paris Dauphine University.

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