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Real Asset Valuation under Imperfect Competition: Can We Forget About Market Fundamentals?

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  • Chaton, Corinne
  • Durand-Viel, Laure
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    Abstract

    Real assets are usually valued by computing the stream of profits they can bring to a price-taking firm in a liquid market. This method ignores market fundamentals by assuming that all the relevant information is included in the spot price. Our article analyses the bias resulting from such an approach when the market is imperfectly competitive. We propose a stylised two-period model of the natural gas market with no uncertainty, focusing on strategic interactions between two types of oligopolistic players—pure traders and suppliers with downstream customers—who have access to storage. We show that the true value of storage capacity is not the same for traders and for suppliers. Comparing the latter value with the traditional price-taking valuation reveals a systematic bias that tends to induce underinvestment.

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    File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/11439/1/rr-fime-10-04.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/11439.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Publication status: Published in Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 2013, Vol. 22, no. 1. pp. 125-139.Length: 14 pages
    Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/11439

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    Related research

    Keywords: Assets (accounting); profit; gas industry; spot prices; suppliers; natural gas;

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    1. Schwartz, Eduardo S, 1997. " The Stochastic Behavior of Commodity Prices: Implications for Valuation and Hedging," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(3), pages 923-73, July.
    2. Bastian Felix & Oliver Woll & Christoph Weber, 2009. "Gas Storage Valuation Under Limited Market Liquidity: An Application In Germany," EWL Working Papers 0903, University of Duisburg-Essen, Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics, revised Oct 2009.
    3. Thompson, Andrew C., 1995. "Valuation of Path-Dependent Contingent Claims with Multiple Exercise Decisions over Time: The Case of Take-or-Pay," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(02), pages 271-293, June.
    4. Gibson, Rajna & Schwartz, Eduardo S, 1990. " Stochastic Convenience Yield and the Pricing of Oil Contingent Claims," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(3), pages 959-76, July.
    5. Rene Carmona & Michael Ludkovski, 2008. "Pricing Asset Scheduling Flexibility using Optimal Switching," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(5-6), pages 405-447.
    6. Sioshansi, Ramteen & Denholm, Paul & Jenkin, Thomas & Weiss, Jurgen, 2009. "Estimating the value of electricity storage in PJM: Arbitrage and some welfare effects," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 269-277, March.
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