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La transmission des inégalités au Pérou : un modèle de choix simultané d'éducation supérieure et d'offre de travail

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  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure

Abstract

Dans une société très inégalitaire, comme la société péruvienne, l’éducation supérieure est perçue comme le principal canal d’ascension sociale. Une égalité d’opportunité dans l’accès à l’éducation supérieure est un enjeu essentiel aussi bien en terme d’efficacité que de justice sociale. C’est pourquoi il est essentiel de comprendre les déterminants du choix de faire ou non des études supérieures et dans quelle mesure ces choix sont ou non conditionnés par l’origine sociale. Cet article propose un modèle qui explique le choix simultané et non exclusif d’entamer des études supérieures et de travailler. Il apporte un nouvel éclairage sur les mécanismes de transmission intergénérationnelle des inégalités quant à l’accès aux études supérieures, en introduisant comme canal de transmission, en plus des transferts et de la transmission des capacités, l’opportunité de trouve r un emploi à mi-temps permettant aux jeunes contraints financièrement de pouvoir étudier en levant leur contrainte. Cet article propose de tester une politique publique visant à augmenter l’égalité des chances au Pérou, qui consisterait à améliorer l’accès à des « emplois étudiants ».

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/11242.

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Date of creation: May 2005
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Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/11242

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Related research

Keywords: Education supérieure; inégalité d’opportunité; Pérou;

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References

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  1. Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2004. "Vers plus d'égalité d'opportunités scolaires ? Évolution de la mobilité scolaire intergénérationnelle au Pérou depuis un siècle," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(1), pages 101-134.
  2. Kodde, David A., 1988. "Unemployment expectations and human capital formation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1645-1660, October.
  3. Evans, William N & Schwab, Robert M, 1995. "Finishing High School and Starting College: Do Catholic Schools Make a Difference?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 941-74, November.
  4. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
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  7. Charles F. Manski, 2004. "Measuring Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1329-1376, 09.
  8. Anh Ngoc Nguyen & Jim Taylor, 2003. "Post-high school choices: New evidence from a multinomial logit model," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 287-306, 05.
  9. Nicolas Sirven, 2001. "Capital social et développement : quelques éléments d'analyse," Documents de travail 57, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  10. José Rodríguez, 1993. "Retornos económicos de la educación en el Perú ," Documentos de Trabajo 1993-112, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  11. Jacoby, Hanan G, 1994. "Borrowing Constraints and Progress through School: Evidence from Peru," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(1), pages 151-60, February.
  12. Pedro Carneiro & James J. Heckman, 2002. "The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post--secondary Schooling," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(482), pages 705-734, October.
  13. Keane, Michael P & Wolpin, Kenneth I, 2001. "The Effect of Parental Transfers and Borrowing Constraints on Educational Attainment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(4), pages 1051-1103, November.
  14. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts," NBER Working Papers 6385, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Caquel, Elena, 2003. "A effect of labour market conditions and family background on educational attainment of Spanish youngsters," ISER Working Paper Series 2003-01, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  16. Michael S. McPherson & Morton Owen Schapiro & Lori G. Kletzer & Jere R. Behrman, 1992. "The College Investment Decision: Direct and Indirect Effects of Family Background on Choice of Postsecondary Enrollment and Quality," Williams Project on the Economics of Higher Education DP-18, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  17. François-Charles Wolff, 2006. "Parental transfers and the labor supply of children," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 853-877, October.
  18. Behrman, J.R. & Kletzer, L.G. & Schapiro, M.O., 1992. "The College Investment Decision: Direct and Indirect Effects of Family Background Choice Postsecondary Enrollment and Quality," Papers 9201, Southern California - Department of Economics.
  19. Hilmer, Michael J., 1998. "Post-secondary fees and the decision to attend a university or a community college," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 329-348, March.
  20. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts of American Males," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(2), pages 262-333, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2013. "Transferts de fonds, éducation et travail des enfants au Maroc: Une analyse par score de propension
    [Remittances, Education and Child labor in Morocco: A propensity score matching approach]
    ," MPRA Paper 46063, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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