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Vocational Education, On-the-Job Training and Labour Market Integration of Young Workers in Urban West Africa

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  • Nordman, Christophe Jalil
  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure

Abstract

Young people in Africa are confronted with many difficulties when it comes to their integration in the labour markets and their research for decent and productive jobs. Research on the links between formal education and vocational training and their economic returns are especially crucial in understanding inadequacy between labour supply and demand for young people. This paper aims to contribute to this needed diagnosis by presenting some evidence based on the 1-2-3 Surveys conducted in seven African countries, which provides a consistent and comparable picture of the situation of youth employment in urban labour markets in these countries. We provide some evidence that vocational education might be a good instrument for integrating the formal sector and that it is often more profitable than general education in terms of earnings and firm performance, especially at higher levels of schooling. Overall, young workers without any formal vocational education and training are the more disadvantaged in terms of working conditions, while workers who benefited from a traditional apprenticeship in a small firm occupy an intermediate position.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/10596.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Publication status: Published in DIAL Documents de travail, 2012
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/10596

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Keywords: Marché du travail; Jeunes; Formation professionnelle; Formation sur le tas; Afrique de l’Ouest; Labour market; Youth; Vocational education; On-the-job training; West Africa;

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  1. Liimatainen, Marjo-Riitta, 2002. "Training and skills acquisition in the informal sector : a literature review," ILO Working Papers 357120, International Labour Organization.
  2. Harminder Battu & Clive R. Belfield & Peter J. Sloane, 2003. "Human Capital Spillovers within the Workplace: Evidence for Great Britain," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(5), pages 575-594, December.
  3. Bocquier, Philippe & Nordman, Christophe J. & Vescovo, Aude, 2010. "Employment Vulnerability and Earnings in Urban West Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(9), pages 1297-1314, September.
  4. Ackerberg, Daniel & Lanier Benkard, C. & Berry, Steven & Pakes, Ariel, 2007. "Econometric Tools for Analyzing Market Outcomes," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 63 Elsevier.
  5. Appleton, Simon & Hoddinott, John & Krishnan, Pramila, 1999. "The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(2), pages 289-312, January.
  6. Pieter Serneels, 2004. "The Nature of Unemployment in Urban Ethiopia," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2004-01, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  7. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Roubaud, François, 2009. "Reassessing the Gender Wage Gap in Madagascar: Does Labour Force Attachment Really Matter?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4400, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Paul Schultz, T., 2002. "Why Governments Should Invest More to Educate Girls," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 207-225, February.
  9. Richard K. Johanson & Arvil V. Adams, 2004. "Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15028, October.
  10. Calves, Anne-Emmanuele & Schoumaker, Bruno, 2004. "Deteriorating Economic Context and Changing Patterns of Youth Employment in Urban Burkina Faso: 1980-2000," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1341-1354, August.
  11. Kuepie, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe J. & Roubaud, François, 2009. "Education and earnings in urban West Africa," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 491-515, September.
  12. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2009. "On-the-job learning and earnings: Comparative evidence from Morocco and Senegal," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5948, Paris Dauphine University.
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