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Technical Efficiency of Automobiles – A Nonparametric Approach Incorporating Carbon Dioxide Emissions

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  • Hampf, Benjamin
  • Krüger, Jens

Abstract

We conduct an empirical analysis of the technical efficiency of cars sold in Germany in 2010. The analysis is performed using traditional data envelopment analysis (DEA) as well as directional distance functions (DDF). The approach of DDF allows incorporating the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions as an environmental goal in the efficiency analysis. A frontier separation approach is used to gain deeper insight for different car classes and regions of origin. Natural gas driven cars and sports-utility-vehicles are also treated as different groups. The results show that the efficiency measurement is significantly influenced by the incorporation of carbon dioxide emissions. Moreover, we find that there is indeed a trade-off between technological performance and environmental performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL) in its series Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics with number 43177.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Publication status: Published in Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics . 198 (2010-06)
Handle: RePEc:dar:ddpeco:43177

Note: for complete metadata visit http://tubiblio.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/43177/
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Related research

Keywords: nonparametric efficiency measurement; directional distance function; automobiles; air pollution;

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Cited by:
  1. Voltes-Dorta, Augusto & Perdiguero, Jordi & Jiménez, Juan Luis, 2013. "Are car manufacturers on the way to reduce CO2 emissions?: A DEA approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 77-86.

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