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Familiale Arbeitsteilung: Determinanten in Theorie und Empirie

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  • Lauk, Martina
  • Meyer, Susanne

Abstract

Das Geschlechterverhältnis, welches in hohem Maße durch geschlechterspezifische Arbeitsteilung von Erwerbsarbeit und Hausarbeit geprägt ist, befindet sich im Wandel. Dennoch gilt Hausarbeit in Deutschland immer noch als typisch weibliche Aufgabe. Die vorliegende Arbeit überprüft die empirische Relevanz dreier theoretischer Modelle zur geschlechterspezifischen Zeitverwendung für Hausarbeit aus den Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften. Die verschiedenen Ansätze werden anhand des Sozioökonomischen Panels (SOEP) für das Jahr 2000 untersucht. Die Schätzergebnisse implizieren, dass keine der Theorien einer anderen vorgezogen werden kann. Gängige Ansätze zur Erklärung familialer Arbeitsteilung sind somit in gleicher Weise geeignet bzw. ungeeignet die Problematik empirisch zu erfassen. Die individuelle Hausarbeitszeit wird sowohl durch ökonomische, wie auch ideologische Merkmale einer Person bestimmt. Im Anschluss daran wird ein Ansatz unter simultaner Berücksichtigung der individuellen Erwerbsarbeitszeit geschätzt. Diese integrative Schätzung zeigt, dass das ökonomische Rationalprinzip im Bereich von privaten Haushalten nur unzureichend anwendbar ist und verweist damit auf eine notwendige interdisziplinäre Behandlung des Themas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL) in its series Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics with number 37294.

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Date of creation: Dec 2003
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Publication status: Published in Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics . 125 (2003-12)
Handle: RePEc:dar:ddpeco:37294

Note: for complete metadata visit http://tubiblio.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/37294/
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Keywords: Zeitallokation; Familiale Arbeitsteilung; SOEP-Daten;

References

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  1. Aronsson, Thomas & Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov & Wikström, Magnus, 1999. "Estimating Intrahousehold Allocation in a Collective Model With Household Production," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 495, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  2. Barbara Bergmann, 1995. "Becker's theory of the family: Preposterous conclusions," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 141-150.
  3. Lauer, Charlotte, 2000. "Gender wage gap in West Germany: how far do gender differences in human capital matter?," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Robert A. Pollak, 2002. "Gary Becker's Contributions to Family and Household Economics," NBER Working Papers 9232, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Miriam Beblo & Elke Wolf, 2002. "Die Folgekosten von Erwerbsunterbrechungen," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 71(1), pages 83-94.
  6. Patricia M. Anderson & Philip B. Levine, 1999. "Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions," NBER Working Papers 7058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Martin Browning & Pierre-Andre Chiappori, 1994. "Efficient Intra-Household Allocations: a General Characterization and Empirical Tests," Department of Economics Working Papers 1994-02, McMaster University.
  8. Stigler, George J & Becker, Gary S, 1977. "De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 76-90, March.
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