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Evaluation des Maßregelvollzugs: Grundzüge einer Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse

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  • Entorf, Horst

Abstract

Kriminal-, Sozial- und Gesundheitspolitik haben die undankbare Aufgabe, bei ihren Entscheidungen zwischen zwei großen Kostenblöcken abwägen zu müssen, die einerseits in den gesellschaftlichen Kosten des Kriminalitätsrisikos durch psychisch kranke Tätergruppen, und auf der anderen Seite in den Kosten der sichernden Neutralisierung und/oder Behandlung dieser Personengruppen bestehen. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt in dem komplexen System der Bestrafung, (Re-) Sozialisierung und Prävention der Maßregelvollzug für psychisch kranke oder suchtkranke Straftäter. Messbare Erfassung von Kosten, Erfolg oder Misserfolg sind Voraussetzungen für die Vorbereitung möglicher Reformen, aber auch hinsichtlich der Abwägung alternativer Unterbringung im Regelvollzug, in Sozialtherapeutischen Anstalten oder gar in Anstalten der Allgemeinen Psychiatrie. Die in dieser Studie vorgestellten Überlegungen zur Evaluation des Maßregelvollzugs gehen letztendlich der Frage nach, ob der gesellschaftliche Nutzen der Behandlungsmaßnahmen (z.B. vermiedenes Kriminalitätsrisiko) die Kosten der Maßnahmen überschreitet oder nicht. Mithilfe von Daten des Maßregelvollzugs des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern werden in einer Fallstudie Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse illustriert.

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Paper provided by Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL) in its series Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics with number 35718.

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Date of creation: Sep 2007
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Publication status: Published in Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics . 183 (2007-09)
Handle: RePEc:dar:ddpeco:35718

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  1. Cherry, Todd L. & List, John A., 2002. "Aggregation bias in the economic model of crime," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 81-86, March.
  2. Levitt, Steven D, 1997. "Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 270-90, June.
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  5. Entorf, Horst & Spengler, Hannes, 1998. "Socio-economic and demographic factors of crime in Germany: evidence from panel data of the German states," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-16, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Charles D. Mallar & Craig V. D. Thornton, 1978. "Transitional Aid for Released Prisoners: Evidence from the Life Experiment," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 13(2), pages 208-236.
  7. Steven D. Levitt, 1995. "Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear to Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, or Measurement Error?," NBER Working Papers 5268, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Spengler, Hannes, 2004. "Kompensatorische Lohndifferenziale und der Wert eines statistischen Lebens in Deutschland," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 37281, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).
  9. Dölling, Dieter & Entorf, Horst & Herrmann, Dieter & Rupp, Thomas & Woll, Andreas, 2006. "Metaanalyse empirischer Abschreckungsstudien Untersuchungsansatz und erste empirische Befunde," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 36754, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).
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