Influenza Immunization Campaigns: Is an Ounce of Prevention Worth a Pound of Cure?
AbstractThis study provides causal evidence on the health and economic consequences of a broad-scope vaccination program. The Ontario Influenza Immunization Campaign (introduced in 2001) expanded the scope of vaccine coverage to the full population. By using the timing of this campaign and exogenous variation in vaccine quality, I am able to causally link higher vaccination rates to decreases in lost work-time, hospitalization, and death. Results indicate that, when vaccine quality is high, the campaign resulted in higher gains for Ontario relative to other provinces and in short, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Results also suggest significant positive health externalities for the elderly.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Dalhousie, Department of Economics in its series Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive with number wardflu.pdf.
Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: 15 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
influenza; immunization; health; work absence; respiratory illness; hospital admission; JEL: I1; J22;
Other versions of this item:
- Courtney J. Ward, 2010. "Influenza Immunization Campaigns: Is an Ounce of Prevention Worth a Pound of Cure?," Working Papers tecipa-396, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
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