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Trade Liberalization and Productivity-A Panel Study of the Mexican Manufacturing Industry

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  • Talan Iscan

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Dalhousie University)

Abstract

In recent years there has been a revival of interest in the trade-growth nexus. A number of authors have suggested that regional economic integration and liberalization of international trade are likely to have positive effects not only on productivity levels but also on long-term productivity growth rates in developing countries. Using a panel of Mexican manufacturing industries, this paper examines several alternative mechanisms through which trade contributes positively to productivity levels and growth rates. Special attention is paid to the comprehensive trade liberalization policies implemented in Mexico after 1986. The results indicate that productivity growth is significantly correlated with the share of imported intermediate inputs in sectoral output. Reductions in rates of protection are found to have significant positive effects on sectoral productivity levels. The estimates also suggest that after liberalization increasing share of exports in total output increased average productivity level by about 5 percent. However, the effects of trade liberalization on long-term productivity growth rates are found to be statistically insignificant.

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File URL: http://www.economics.dal.ca/RePEc/dal/wparch/tradelib.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Dalhousie, Department of Economics in its series Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive with number tradelib.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 20 Jan 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dal:wparch:tradelib

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Keywords: trade liberalization; productivity; growth; Mexican manufacturing industry;

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  1. Barro, R. & Mankiw, G., 1992. "Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1615, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. Romer, Paul, 1994. "New goods, old theory, and the welfare costs of trade restrictions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 5-38, February.
  3. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1992. "The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 69-85, Winter.
  4. Nickell, Stephen J, 1996. "Competition and Corporate Performance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(4), pages 724-46, August.
  5. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1991. "A sensitivity analysis of cross-country growth regressions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 609, The World Bank.
  6. Jones, Larry E & Manuelli, Rodolfo E, 1990. "A Convex Model of Equilibrium Growth: Theory and Policy Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1008-38, October.
  7. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
  8. Ito, Takatoshi & Krueger, Anne O. (ed.), 1995. "Growth Theories in Light of the East Asian Experience," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226386706, January.
  9. Kokko, Ari, 1994. "Technology, market characteristics, and spillovers," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 279-293, April.
  10. Bilginsoy, Cihan & Khan, Shahrukh R., 1994. "Cross-sector export 'externalities' in developing countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 44(1-2), pages 215-220.
  11. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
  12. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-26, November.
  13. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
  14. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  15. Balassa, Bela, 1978. "Exports and economic growth : Further evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 181-189, June.
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