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Trade Liberalization and Productivity: A Panel Study of the Mexican Manufacturing Industry

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  • Iscan, T.

Abstract

In recent years there has been a revival of interest in the trade-growth nexus. A number of authors have suggested that regional economic integration and liberalization of international trade are likely to have positive effects not only on productivity levels but also on long-term productivity growth rates in developing countries. Using a panel of Mexican manufacturing industries, this paper examines several alternative mechanisms through which trade contributes positively to productivity levels and growth rates. Special attention is paid to the comprehensive trade liberalization policies implemented in Mexico after 1986. The results indicate that productivity growth is significantly correlated with the share of imported intermediate inputs in sectoral output. Reductions in rates of protection are found to have significant positive effects on sectoral productivity levels. The estimates also suggest that after liberalization increasing share of exports in total output increased average productivity level by about 5 percent. However, the effects of trade liberalization on long-term productivity growth rates are found to be statistically insignificant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Dalhousie, Department of Economics in its series Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive with number 97-05.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dal:wparch:97-05

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Keywords: ECONOMIC GROWTH ; MEXICO ; TRADE LIBERALIZATION;

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  1. Ito, Takatoshi & Krueger, Anne O. (ed.), 1995. "Growth Theories in Light of the East Asian Experience," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226386706, August.
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  5. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1992. "The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 69-85, Winter.
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  7. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
  8. Nickell, S.J., 1993. "Competition and Crporate Performance," Economics Series Working Papers 99155, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  9. Jones, Larry E & Manuelli, Rodolfo E, 1990. "A Convex Model of Equilibrium Growth: Theory and Policy Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1008-38, October.
  10. Paul M. Romer, 1993. "New Goods, Old Theory, and the Welfare Costs of Trade Restrictions," NBER Working Papers 4452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
  12. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  13. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
  14. Bilginsoy, Cihan & Khan, Shahrukh R., 1994. "Cross-sector export 'externalities' in developing countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 44(1-2), pages 215-220.
  15. Kokko, Ari, 1994. "Technology, market characteristics, and spillovers," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 279-293, April.
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