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Quelle place pour les incitations dans la gestion du personnel enseignant?

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  • Françoise LARRÉ
  • Jean-Michel PLASSARD
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    Abstract

    A l’heure de l’économie du savoir et de la connaissance, l’éducation est devenue un enjeu majeur et l’enseignement a acquis une place centrale dans le processus de production d’éducation. Dans ces conditions, sont recherchés les moyens d’augmenter la performance des enseignants afin d’améliorer les résultats scolaires des élèves. La mise en place de structures incitatives (notamment la rémunération à la performance) est souvent suggérée mais les études démontrant l’efficacité des incitations restent mitigées. Cet article propose une revue de la littérature théorique et empirique sur la façon dont les incitations affectent le comportement des enseignants. Les arguments pour et contre la mise en incitation des enseignants sont étudiés. En particulier, nous examinons i) les difficultés à contrôler et à évaluer la performance des enseignants, ii) la question du travail en équipe dans un contexte d’individualisation de la performance et iii) le problème du multitâches lorsque les incitations portent sur seulement quelques tâches.

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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2008035.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2008035.

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    Length: 45
    Date of creation: 01 Sep 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2008035

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    Related research

    Keywords: Rémunération à la performance; incitations; enseignants; évaluation; individualisation; multitâches;

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